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Doubts clearing thread for prelims 2019

ask your doubts related to polity, economy, s&t, et al here.
Be decorous, cooperate with each other, and stick to the purpose of the thread.

100% WATER PROOF
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Comments

  • Joining the discussion :smile:
  • Iamshivam said:

    Joining the discussion :smile:

    1st attempt? if not
    have you cleared prelims before
    100% WATER PROOF
  • Whats the difference between urban cooperative banks and small finance banks, especially in terms of area of coverage, overseeing authority?
  • Urban cooperative banks come under dual authority of RBI and registrar cooperative societies of the concerned state...whereas small finance banks under RBI only
    When the going gets tough, the tough gets going :)
  • Whats the difference between urban cooperative banks and small finance banks, especially in terms of area of coverage, overseeing authority?

    Plus small finance banks are targeted towards providing small credit amounts..same is not true necessarily with urban cooperative banks
    When the going gets tough, the tough gets going :)
  • harry90 said:

    Whats the difference between urban cooperative banks and small finance banks, especially in terms of area of coverage, overseeing authority?

    Plus small finance banks are targeted towards providing small credit amounts..same is not true necessarily with urban cooperative banks
    Okay thanks a lot. Recently there was a proposal to convert some urban cooperative banks to small finance banks, right?

    Any idea on difference between payments banks and small finance bank?
  • ask your doubts related to polity, economy, s&t, et al here.
    Be decorous, cooperate with each other, and stick to the purpose of the thread.

    Thanks for creating this thread! :)
    Grit and Grace
  • harry90 said:

    Whats the difference between urban cooperative banks and small finance banks, especially in terms of area of coverage, overseeing authority?

    Plus small finance banks are targeted towards providing small credit amounts..same is not true necessarily with urban cooperative banks
    Okay thanks a lot. Recently there was a proposal to convert some urban cooperative banks to small finance banks, right?

    Any idea on difference between payments banks and small finance bank?
    sfb is essentially a scaled down version of normal bank and retain most of the features of an ordinary bank, in comparison payments bank cant take any lending activity and earn revenue mainly by offering services like selling mutual funds, and investing in gsec
    100% WATER PROOF
  • Gamely said:

    ask your doubts related to polity, economy, s&t, et al here.
    Be decorous, cooperate with each other, and stick to the purpose of the thread.

    Thanks for creating this thread! :)
    hope the thread blossoms like it did last year
    :smile:
    100% WATER PROOF
  • Thanks for creating this thread
    Aham Brahmasi
  • edited November 3
    Hello everyone, I am a fresher now and wish to write next year CSE. But, before fully deciding just want to ask you experienced people that can a fresher who starts today compete CSE 19 with a good rank?? 6 months and 29 days (1 day less 7 months) for Prelims and 10 months and 16 days for mains remain. Can I compete if I study consistently with proper planning and start today itself?? Please advice. Thanks..
  • harry90 said:

    Whats the difference between urban cooperative banks and small finance banks, especially in terms of area of coverage, overseeing authority?

    Plus small finance banks are targeted towards providing small credit amounts..same is not true necessarily with urban cooperative banks
    Okay thanks a lot. Recently there was a proposal to convert some urban cooperative banks to small finance banks, right?

    Any idea on difference between payments banks and small finance bank?
    sfb is essentially a scaled down version of normal bank and retain most of the features of an ordinary bank, in comparison payments bank cant take any lending activity and earn revenue mainly by offering services like selling mutual funds, and investing in gsec
    Okay thanks for clearing this up.
  • Doubt Do B cells or T cells produce antibodies?
  • Doubt Do B cells or T cells produce antibodies?

    Bcellls


    this is a note from last year--- hope it helps

    Antibodies and Antigen

    Antibodies, also called immunoglobulins, are proteins manufactured by the body that help fight against foreign substances called antigens. When an antigen enters the body, it stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. (The immune system is the body's natural defense system.) The antibodies attach, or bind, themselves to the antigen and inactivate it.

    Every healthy adult's body has small amounts of thousands of different antibodies. Each one is highly specialized to recognize just one kind of foreign substance. Antibody molecules are typically Y-shaped, with a binding site on each arm of the Y. The binding sites of each antibody, in turn, have a specific shape. Only antigens that match this shape will fit into them. The role of antibodies is to bind with antigens and inactivate them so that other bodily processes can take over, destroy, and remove the foreign substances from the body.
    Antigens are any substance that stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. Antigens can be bacteria, viruses, or fungi that cause infection and disease
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) occurs when non-neutralising antiviral proteins facilitate virus entry into host cells, leading to increased infectivity in the cells
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Allergen: A foreign substance that causes an allergic reaction in the body.

    B cells: Cells produced in bone marrow that secrete antibodies.

    Immune response: The production of antibodies in response to foreign substances in the body.

    Immunity: The condition of being able to resist the effects of a particular disease.

    Immunization: The process of making a person able to resist the effects of specific foreign antigens.

    Inoculate: To introduce a foreign antigen into the body in order to stimulate the production of antibodies against it.

    Monoclonal antibodies: Identical antibodies produced by cells cloned from a single cell.
    Proteins: Large molecules that are essential to the structure and functioning of all living cells.
    Vaccine: Preparation of a live weakened or killed microorganism of a particular disease administered to stimulate antibody production

    100% WATER PROOF
  • edited November 4
    Okay, that clears up things a great deal :) Thanks for starting this thread.
  • Doubt Do B cells or T cells produce antibodies?

    Bcellls


    this is a note from last year--- hope it helps

    Antibodies and Antigen

    Antibodies, also called immunoglobulins, are proteins manufactured by the body that help fight against foreign substances called antigens. When an antigen enters the body, it stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. (The immune system is the body's natural defense system.) The antibodies attach, or bind, themselves to the antigen and inactivate it.

    Every healthy adult's body has small amounts of thousands of different antibodies. Each one is highly specialized to recognize just one kind of foreign substance. Antibody molecules are typically Y-shaped, with a binding site on each arm of the Y. The binding sites of each antibody, in turn, have a specific shape. Only antigens that match this shape will fit into them. The role of antibodies is to bind with antigens and inactivate them so that other bodily processes can take over, destroy, and remove the foreign substances from the body.
    Antigens are any substance that stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. Antigens can be bacteria, viruses, or fungi that cause infection and disease
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) occurs when non-neutralising antiviral proteins facilitate virus entry into host cells, leading to increased infectivity in the cells
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Allergen: A foreign substance that causes an allergic reaction in the body.

    B cells: Cells produced in bone marrow that secrete antibodies.

    Immune response: The production of antibodies in response to foreign substances in the body.

    Immunity: The condition of being able to resist the effects of a particular disease.

    Immunization: The process of making a person able to resist the effects of specific foreign antigens.

    Inoculate: To introduce a foreign antigen into the body in order to stimulate the production of antibodies against it.

    Monoclonal antibodies: Identical antibodies produced by cells cloned from a single cell.
    Proteins: Large molecules that are essential to the structure and functioning of all living cells.
    Vaccine: Preparation of a live weakened or killed microorganism of a particular disease administered to stimulate antibody production

    This was really helpful!

    My doubt: What is the difference between pluripotent, multipotent and totipotent?
  • Doubt Do B cells or T cells produce antibodies?

    Bcellls


    this is a note from last year--- hope it helps

    Antibodies and Antigen

    Antibodies, also called immunoglobulins, are proteins manufactured by the body that help fight against foreign substances called antigens. When an antigen enters the body, it stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. (The immune system is the body's natural defense system.) The antibodies attach, or bind, themselves to the antigen and inactivate it.

    Every healthy adult's body has small amounts of thousands of different antibodies. Each one is highly specialized to recognize just one kind of foreign substance. Antibody molecules are typically Y-shaped, with a binding site on each arm of the Y. The binding sites of each antibody, in turn, have a specific shape. Only antigens that match this shape will fit into them. The role of antibodies is to bind with antigens and inactivate them so that other bodily processes can take over, destroy, and remove the foreign substances from the body.
    Antigens are any substance that stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. Antigens can be bacteria, viruses, or fungi that cause infection and disease
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) occurs when non-neutralising antiviral proteins facilitate virus entry into host cells, leading to increased infectivity in the cells
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Allergen: A foreign substance that causes an allergic reaction in the body.

    B cells: Cells produced in bone marrow that secrete antibodies.

    Immune response: The production of antibodies in response to foreign substances in the body.

    Immunity: The condition of being able to resist the effects of a particular disease.

    Immunization: The process of making a person able to resist the effects of specific foreign antigens.

    Inoculate: To introduce a foreign antigen into the body in order to stimulate the production of antibodies against it.

    Monoclonal antibodies: Identical antibodies produced by cells cloned from a single cell.
    Proteins: Large molecules that are essential to the structure and functioning of all living cells.
    Vaccine: Preparation of a live weakened or killed microorganism of a particular disease administered to stimulate antibody production

    This was really helpful!

    My doubt: What is the difference between pluripotent, multipotent and totipotent?
    I haven't heard these terms except pluripotency , so would have to look it up
    tho by guesswork i'd say multipotent maybe about cells that can differentiate into a limited no. of organs, while pluripotent can theoretically be grown into any organ.
    100% WATER PROOF
  • Tax slabs in GST?
    In ncert it has mentioned six(including one of 3%).
    Miles to go before I sleep..
  • Tax slabs in GST?
    In ncert it has mentioned six(including one of 3%).

    :confused: 0,5,12,18,28 pta , ye 3% kb aaya
    100% WATER PROOF
  • Tax slabs in GST?
    In ncert it has mentioned six(including one of 3%).

    :confused: 0,5,12,18,28 pta , ye 3% kb aaya
    tau gold ka 3%
    Enlightenment is not a happy feeling. Enlightenment is the destruction of everything you thought to be true...

  • Doubt Do B cells or T cells produce antibodies?

    Bcellls


    this is a note from last year--- hope it helps

    Antibodies and Antigen

    Antibodies, also called immunoglobulins, are proteins manufactured by the body that help fight against foreign substances called antigens. When an antigen enters the body, it stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. (The immune system is the body's natural defense system.) The antibodies attach, or bind, themselves to the antigen and inactivate it.

    Every healthy adult's body has small amounts of thousands of different antibodies. Each one is highly specialized to recognize just one kind of foreign substance. Antibody molecules are typically Y-shaped, with a binding site on each arm of the Y. The binding sites of each antibody, in turn, have a specific shape. Only antigens that match this shape will fit into them. The role of antibodies is to bind with antigens and inactivate them so that other bodily processes can take over, destroy, and remove the foreign substances from the body.
    Antigens are any substance that stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. Antigens can be bacteria, viruses, or fungi that cause infection and disease
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) occurs when non-neutralising antiviral proteins facilitate virus entry into host cells, leading to increased infectivity in the cells
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Allergen: A foreign substance that causes an allergic reaction in the body.

    B cells: Cells produced in bone marrow that secrete antibodies.

    Immune response: The production of antibodies in response to foreign substances in the body.

    Immunity: The condition of being able to resist the effects of a particular disease.

    Immunization: The process of making a person able to resist the effects of specific foreign antigens.

    Inoculate: To introduce a foreign antigen into the body in order to stimulate the production of antibodies against it.

    Monoclonal antibodies: Identical antibodies produced by cells cloned from a single cell.
    Proteins: Large molecules that are essential to the structure and functioning of all living cells.
    Vaccine: Preparation of a live weakened or killed microorganism of a particular disease administered to stimulate antibody production

    This was really helpful!

    My doubt: What is the difference between pluripotent, multipotent and totipotent?
    • Totipotent cells are the most versatile and can specialize into body cells or embryonic cells or cells of extraembryonic membrane (placenta).

    • Pluripotent cells have the ability to become any type of cell in the body (body cells).

    • Multipotent stem cells can develop into specific types of cells. For example, a blood stem cell (multipotent) can develop into a red blood cell, white blood cell or platelets.
    The process by which the stem cell (of any kind) develops into a more specialized form is called differentiation.
  • Regarding the recent CBI case, SC said that the appointment of Justice Patnaik in a supervisory capacity should not be “understood to be casting any reflection on any authority of the Government of India”. What does it mean? Specially, what is meant by "casting any reflection" ? Any legal interpretation?
  • HJ said:

    Regarding the recent CBI case, SC said that the appointment of Justice Patnaik in a supervisory capacity should not be “understood to be casting any reflection on any authority of the Government of India”. What does it mean? Specially, what is meant by "casting any reflection" ? Any legal interpretation?

    I think the SC mean to say that this decision should not be considered as judicial overreach , and that it doesn't by any means want to impinge over authority of the executive
    100% WATER PROOF
  • Please contact if this is helpful
    pdf
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    517K
  • Tax slabs in GST?
    In ncert it has mentioned six(including one of 3%).

    Ncert mein GST aa gaya?? Badi jaldi update maar diya ncert mein bhi with in a year... :o
  • Can whip be issued against speaker of Lok Sabha ?
    Aham Brahmasi
  • Can whip be issued against speaker of Lok Sabha ?

    I don’t think so.
    P - 3 | M - 3* | I -0
  • bhai upsc age for 2019? any chance of reduction this year?
    when the root receives no nourishment, the branch withers and dies
  • bhai upsc age for 2019? any chance of reduction this year?

    age will only increase in india not decrease plus election in 2019 and 2020 in different state there is 0% probability of decrease
    Enlightenment is not a happy feeling. Enlightenment is the destruction of everything you thought to be true...

  • bhai upsc age for 2019? any chance of reduction this year?

    age will only increase in india not decrease plus election in 2019 and 2020 in different state there is 0% probability of decrease
    yes...but some stupid guy in ORN implanted this thought in my mind....
    when the root receives no nourishment, the branch withers and dies
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