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India taken off WHO List of Polio Endemic Countries

edited February 2012 in Current Affairs
Bhaiyon, two hours ago, WHO took India's name off Polio Endemic countries....Now there are only 3 countries which are on WHo Polio endemic country list - two from Asia - Pakistan & Afghanistan and 1 from africa, i.e Nigeria....Polio was last reported in out country on January 13, 2010 from Howrah, West Bengal....on jan 13, 2012 it completed one year of o polio case detected....chak de India!

Comments

  • edited 11:51AM
    I am putting below the speech of PM Manmohan Singh on occasion of Polio Summit in New Delhi
    --------------------------
    I would like to extend a very warm welcome to each one of our participants who have gathered here today from within India and from all over the world to join us for this unique event the Polio Summit. The Government of India has coordinated a massive effort to rid our country of the terrible scourge of Polio that has scarred the lives of thousands of thousand of children in India and elsewhere in the world. So it is a matter of satisfaction that we have completed one year without any single new case of polio being reported from anywhere in the country. This gives us hope that we can finally eradicate polio not only from India but from the face of the entire mother earth.

    The success of our efforts shows that teamwork pays. The Central Government and the States Governments have worked in close partnership with many community base, national level and international organizations and groups including the Rotary International, the World Health Organization and UNICEF. But I venture to say that the real credit goes to the 23 lakh volunteers who repeatedly vaccinated children even in the most remote areas, often in very bad weather conditions. I commend each one of them for their dedication, for their commitment and for their selfless service.

    Our ultimate objective is and as it must be to achieve full immunization for all our children. We must ensure that every Indian child, rich or poor, whether living in Ladakh or in Delhi has equal access to the best immunization. To this ambitious task I commit our government.

    Universal access to safe vaccines, however, is only one of the many strategies for preventing and control of diseases and promoting good health among our children. We also need to provide them nutritious food, safe drinking water, proper sanitation and education. Nutrition especially for women and children is essential for community health. Sanitation and safe drinking water are pre-requisites for better absorption of food and prevention of infant and child mortality. But above all, we need to educate our children and our mothers on the importance of hygiene and nutrition to overall good health and longevity.

    We are taking urgent measures to address these challenges. The National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges is spearheading our efforts to address the challenge of malnutrition. The Total Sanitation Campaign aims to eradicate the practice of open defecation by 2017. We are moving towards the creation of Public Health Cadres to work for the prevention and the control of disease. It will be our effort to ensure that every village has access to safe drinking water. The Right to Education Act is in place and we have made considerable progress in universalisation of elementary education. However, going forward we have to give proper attention to issues such as bridging social and gender gaps in school enrolment, adult literacy particularly of women and the need to improve learning outcomes.

    Reduction of infant and maternal mortality rates and population stabilization are among the core health goals of our national programme, National Rural Health Mission. Some states in the Union have already reached the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals. This agenda however remains a challenge in many of the other states. We need to, in a mission mode, focus on these states and deploy more human, financial and managerial resources to improve their health status. This was what was done in the last three years under the polio campaign.
  • edited 11:51AM
    ....continued
    ---------------
    On a broader level, we need to accelerate our efforts to achieve our goal of providing universal access to health care at affordable cost for all our citizens. This needs first and foremost a determined effort to strengthen our public health systems. The National Rural Health Mission aims to develop the basic rural health infrastructure including through greater investments, community participation and optimisation of manpower and resources.

    As the country enters a demographic and epidemiological transition, we need to focus more attention on non communicable diseases and a wider range of infectious diseases. The task of prevention of trauma through prompt and effective emergency care has also acquired great urgency. About 10% of our mortality is now due to trauma which is claiming many young lives.

    The rising cost of health care is another key challenge. The impact of high medical costs places an unconscionable burden on the poor. We are, therefore focusing our attention towards social security of the poor with regard to their health care.

    The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana provides insurance cover today to over 2.67 crore poor families. However, two thirds of private healthcare expenditure is on out-patient and diagnostic care and for purchase of medicines. Insurance schemes generally tend to focus on in-patient cares. We therefore need to work towards hassle free and cashless outpatient care in our public hospitals.

    Thanks to our sustained high growth rates in recent years, we have been able to provide the higher levels of public investment needed in the health sector. Public expenditure on health has increased from less than 1% of our GDP in 2006-07 to an estimated 1.4% of GDP by the end of the Eleventh Five year Plan. But we will need to work harder and do more if we have to reach our goal of increasing public expenditure on health to at least 2.5% of the GDP. Education and health will be the key priorities of the Twelfth Five Year Plan.

    More money for health must also result in more health for the money. Beyond investments, we, therefore need greater capacities for decentralized health care planning and management. This will require greater focus on human resource development as well as on technological innovation and information systems that can support such decentralization. These are the challenges for the future. Building capacities in our 600 odd districts and states of the union is one important area where the sustained support and partnership of all stakeholders will be vital in terms of health outcome.

    Just as the polio campaign saw the Central and State Governments working closely with a common purpose, I am confident that the vision of universal health care will unite all of us in a concerted effort to preserve, to protect and promote the health of all our people.”
  • edited 11:51AM
    yeah man, great news for India! Some other decisions at Polio summit are:-

    1) Elimination of measles related death and neo-natal tetanus

    2) 2012 has been declared the year of the intensification of Routine Immunization

    Pib news source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=80536
    [May the ƒorce be with you] [Public Administration] [Please follow Posting Rules ]
  • asgasg
    edited February 2012
    Taking a cue from the PM's mention of non-communicable diseases, here is something that happened a while ago..
    Quoting the Hindu...."India achieved a major success on the global platform by pushing for inclusion of mental health in the list of non-communicable diseases. India fought alone to get mental disorders included in the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) list at the just-concluded first Ministerial Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Non-communicable Disease Control in Moscow. "

    http://www.thehindu.com/health/article1991279.ece

    PS. I know this happened before last year's prelim and is a li'l old, but it's still good to know. UPSC ka koi bharosa nahi hai...iss bar Mains me Cam Ranh ke baare me poochha tha jo 2010 mein news mein tha..
    Fate, it seems, is not without a sense of ïrony
  • edited 11:51AM
    @asg did u answer that 2 marker? the Cam Ranh question? where did u read about it? i never heard of it before the gs mains paper?
  • asgasg
    edited 11:51AM
    It was actually a 12-marker. I felt UPSC gave too much importance to something that is not India's immediate concern. Or maybe it is!

    http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-international/article819034.ece

    http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-international/article827560.ece
    Fate, it seems, is not without a sense of ïrony
  • edited February 2012
    shit man! i read every single day's newspaper, but never read about cam ranh. i thought it was something to do with South China Sea and it was some territory in Vietnam. but this is oct 8, 2011 news!! i have no idea how or why i missed this!
  • edited 11:51AM
    @asg @Rajni my question is - how do we prepare for such topics? or do we NOT prepare such random things?

    asg, did you answer this question there in the mains paper? i never found its mention, and I read Hindu and make notes everyday! in fact its the most popular newspaper in chennai and the reason why down south our english is good.
    [May the ƒorce be with you] [Public Administration] [Please follow Posting Rules ]
  • asgasg
    edited 11:51AM
    Relax, it's from Oct 2010, which is probably why you guys didn't read it. I had it in my Mains-2010 notes and I vaguely remembered it in the exam; but I got the details wrong.
    Fate, it seems, is not without a sense of ïrony
  • edited 11:51AM
    @asg, sir did you make own notes for mains from newspaper?which notes is best for GS mains -self made from newspaper or vajiram/shriram?seniors who wrote 2010 mains and who read from vajiram and shriram notes did not know that question either saying that they had no idea where it came from.
  • asgasg
    edited 11:51AM
    I think it's best to use both self-made notes and those available in the market. Making notes from newspapers is not very time consuming, if it is done everyday: it won't take more than 30 mins.

    Having said this, there are still going to be questions in the paper that you have never heard of. Don't get intimidated by these questions, woh kisi ko nahi ata hai. Everybody is in the same boat.
    Fate, it seems, is not without a sense of ïrony
  • edited 11:51AM
    @asg don't tell me you attempted that 2 -marker. nobody knew it back then. though your link of oct 8,2010 was an eye opener. damn we need to read hindu more closely.no matter what we say or do,hindu DOES cover it all.
    *No good deed goes unpunished* | I am no knight, do not call me Sir | I write articles for Civil Services Aspirants, you can find them at http://blog.forumias.com/author/neyawn |
  • edited 11:51AM
    @ASingh - thanks for the *BREAKING NEWS* (...2 hours ago.Lol)
    *No good deed goes unpunished* | I am no knight, do not call me Sir | I write articles for Civil Services Aspirants, you can find them at http://blog.forumias.com/author/neyawn |
  • edited March 2012
    With India being taken off the list of polio endemic countries, the govt. is now really focussing on eradicating Tuberculosis. It has already been eradicated form the West. ToI news article on the same:-

    image
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