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IR discssion - old rajinder nagar

topics which are important for mains 2015 -
1) migrants issue - amnesty international published a report in june/july 2015 (its impt)
2) regional trade agreements - RCEP, TTP
3) india's soft power
4) yojana on IR - some of its articles are very impt

looking for a person in old rajinder nagar for day to day discussion of general studies and current affairs.

Aim is to have all the knowledge in "POINTS FORM" in your mind instead of that being confined to your notes in bulk pages so that in exam we are able to reproduce it without thinking much, because ultimately we only need to remember 150 words.
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Comments

  • Refugees
    In June 2015, amnesty international released a report titled “The Global Refugee Crisis: A Conspiracy of Neglect”. Below is the view of report.
    1. Refugees are people who no longer enjoy the protection of their state because that state will not or cannot protect them. They are people who have fled armed conflict, persecution, violence and grave human rights abuses.
    2. In the past two years, the world has witnessed a growing refugee crisis.In 2013, for the first time since World War II, the number of those forcibly displaced from their homes exceeded 50 million.
    3. Region-wise
    a. More than half of Syria’s population is displaced making this one of the biggest refugee crises in history. As of July 2015, More than 4 million people have fled Syria due to civil war to become refugee
    b. Apart from this there are other refugee crisis esp. in African countries like South Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR), Nigeria and Burundi, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). There are more than 3 million refugees in sub-Saharan Africa.
    4. In the aftermath of World War II, the international community came together to create the United Nations Refugee Convention to protect refugees. However the international refugee protection system is broken.
    Skewed burden • Majority of the refugees migrate to the neighboring countries. Thus 86% of the world’s refugees are in developing countries. Thus there is a clearly disproportionate burden on the developing countries. E,g, 95% of Syrian refugees live in neighbouring countries.
    Denying entry • However, Syria’s neighbours are at breaking point – and some have resorted to deeply troubling measures, including denying desperate people entry to their countries and pushing people back into the conflict.
    Funding for resettlement • Nearly one million refugees need resettlement. Yet, global annual resettlement commitments are less than a tenth of this number;
    Not ratified • Although 145 countries have ratified the Refugee Convention, there are regions of the world in which very few countries have ratified the treaty, including most of the Middle East, South Asia and South East Asia. In these countries refugees generally enjoy limited rights and in some cases can’t even be legally recognized as refugees;
    Xenophobic attacks These refugees and migrants have faced discrimination and abuse in host states. Recent example is the xenophobic attacks that took place in South Africa in April 2015. And infact media outlets and politicians blaming refugees and migrants for economic and social problems.
    Due to this the toll in lives lost and lives blighted is far higher than many armed conflicts.

    Solution and specific detail of mediterran and rohingyas crisis in separate notes

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