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  • edited October 2015
    Historically, Non-alignment has been a strategy ( not a movement ) to pursue India's security interests. While India remained a part of the commonwealth & retained British officers, it rejected military aid from the West. However, defence production initially, came from UK, USA & France.

    Mutuality of security interests & reliability as a countervailer against a hostile China, brought India closer to Russia - with whom, she entered into major defence deals. Non-alignment did not mean that India would not obtain the support of either of the two superpowers. The 1971 Indo-Soviet friendship treaty, kept the US & China at “ bay “ in the Bangladesh War.

    Non-alignment allowed India to switch gears & make a U-turn in 1991, when it opened it's markets ( without being perceived as an unnatural move). This, coupled with 9/11, Abottabad Osama incident, shared maritime concerns, rise of China as a geopolitical power & overlapping economic interests; has allowed a romantic strategic partnership between India & USA to take off.

    So far, this has been the role of Non alignment - bringing India's foreign relationships to a full circle.

    About the relevance of Non-Alignment in today's world :-

    Consider Middle east as an example. India, which was already challenged by the need to balance her relationship with the Israel- Iran - Saudi triangle, finds herself facing new challenges. The geopolitical landscape in West Asia is changing fast and this has long & short term impacts on South Asia. There is a great deal of overlap between China's interests in Central Asia with the road & belt and what not & Russia's military intervention in Syria. Moscow is closer to Beijing than ever before. Russia, also acknowledged the possibility of Pakistan being a geopolitical player, increasing engagement with our western neighbour & supplying it with MI-35 attack helicopters and fighter jets. Pakistan engaging with Russia in defence, would have been unthinkable in the Cold War era. Times, change.

    India must, deal with this, cautiously - given the non-stop courtship by the West, one must not get sucked up into the bait of playing against China on behalf of the USA. There is also an attempt in certain sections of the media to get India to embrace USA tighter to create an insecurity of sorts, projecting Russia's latest engagements with Pakistan. However, it is not in India's best interests to " react " to provocations of this sort. The need of the hour, is to have greater congruence & a reaffirmation of mutual trust when PM Modi meets President Putin in the next Indo-Russia bilateral Summit.

    Another example, relate to changes in our immediate neighbourhood. In the 15,000 km land border of India, except for the 600 km boundary with Bhutan, we have at least one security issue with all the other countries. This is ironic, considering 4 of those countries are a part of SAARC. Two of our nuclear neighbours have a strategic partnership which runs deep and one cannot rule out the possibility of a 2 front war. The concept of sovereignty has undergone sea changes since the Treaty of Westphalia ; with technology, globalization and Information highways coming into our lives. However, territorial integrity still remains, very significant.

    Nepal, which has traditionally been a friend, has found reasons to show animosity over the framing of it's Constitution even as Bangladesh and Sri-Lanka ( with whom India has had issues in the past) engage & cooperate better with India.

    Thus, India, is uniquely challenged from all sides, than ever before. In such times, as a pluralistic, secular & Industrialising democracy, she cannot have her security interests vested in one particular block or grouping. In an era of dynamism, relationships between countries undergo huge changes. Friends become foes ( and vice versa) in no time. To balance & re-balance itself in the best possible way, at the least cost & to further it's national interests, Non-alignment is a necessity for India .
    Pehle vey aap par dhyan nahi denge, Fir aap par hasenge, Fir aapse ladenge, Aur tab aapki jeet hogi.
  • @all plz review

    Discuss the Role and Relevance of Non-Alignment in India's current Foreign Policy

    Non alignment stays relevant for India given its position in the power equation as well as need for cooperation in the international affairs for tackling emerging challenges and tapping economic opportunities.

    Non alignment was India’s tool to stay away from power politics of cold war and maintain equidistant from the super powers. It was also pragmatic, for India did not need to take sides and by remaining aloof India got its interest secured from both the powers. Non alignment stays relevant even today.

    - India is gaining from the present world order, thus it need not take any pains to change it. Further, any incremental changes it want can be secured by India joining coalition of middle powers like Brazil, south Africa etc.,

    - The decline in US hegemony and rise of China and reassertions by Russia will fuel great power games, this may lead to instability in the world, therefore, India and like minded nations shall follow the non aligned path rather than join camps and fuel the fire. It needs some sane players to maintain stability in multi polar world.

    - The world is increasingly integrated with finance, trade, resources. It is of India’s interests that it has economic relations with all the countries. Thus, the emerging economies can follow the non aligned path to secure the global economic order

    - Rising global challenges like climate change and terrorism etc demands power politics be kept out and nations cooperate with each other nor form alliances against each other. It also requires that international organisations are given due importance. This all is in consonance with non aligned policy.

    Therefore, Non alignment policy is relevant and is being followed by India.
  • edited October 2015
    deleted
  • edited October 2015
    Discuss the Role and Relevance of Non-Alignment in India's current Foreign Policy.

    After independence India followed the policy of non-alignment. This policy was the brainchild of first PM for India Mr. J.L. Nehru. At that moment of time, such a policy was necessary and pragmatic as India being a newly independent nation, could not afford to take sides with one power block and destroy its relations with another block. India received technical and financial help in times of need during that period due to such policy and maintained friendly relations with most of the countries.

    Today, there is a different scenario. There are no power blocks existing in the world. Instead world is now multi-polar. Also India has attained a unique and respectable place in world order. Now India aspire to play a bigger role in world economic, political and security forums and take the lead among other countries. We as a nation want bigger share in world financial institutions and the permanent seat in UNSC. Therefore its essential for India to prove its credibility for such a position by starting to have stands on various global issues. This will improve India's image and project it as responsible power which aspire to maintain the peace and prosperity in world and stabilize it during hour of crisis.

    The foreign policy in a globalized, interconnected, terror-ridden, and ever changing world must not remain constant and must adapt itself to changing situation. Therefore non-alignment as a foreign policy has lost its sheen.

    @vang123 , @Captain_Peroxide bhai logo jara review mar do... and highlight shortcomings genuinely.
  • @wardi_wala_gunda..bhai NA has been one of the cardinal principles of India's fp and has helped maintain strategic autonomy of foreign policy and serve national interests ..there fore to reject it in entirety would be risky in my opinion
    Present day relevance
    1.China,Russia,USA involved in games of geopolitics..all countries important for India in different spheres... No zero sum game..na helpful
    2.South south cooperation as part of nam to ensure India's interests r projected against agreesive lobbying by developed nations in matters of international negotiation like climate change,subsidies,ipr ,trade
    3.nam countries are 60 % of total membership of UN including all African nations..therefore support crucial for UN, IMF,,wb reforms
    4.India's position as leader of nam likely to add to India's stature
    5.nam reinvented itself post cold war at jakarta conference to incklude issues like global terrorism,regime change and nuclear disarmament.. All this fundamental part of India's fp
    Conclusion ..talk about..nam2.0..how today's nam about multiengagement and not neutrality.. Cite figures of how nam continues to add new members even after cold war to further buttress ur point
    @Captain_Peroxide ..aa jao maidan me


    :>
    zindagi lambi nai..badi honi chahiye
  • @vang123 thank u bro. >:D<

    Yar i have a doubt... can there be a 'one best approach'.... i mean should we always try to choose a mid way.... or choosing extreme views can also fetch some marks... if we substantiate....
  • @vang123 thank u bro. >:D<

    Yar i have a doubt... can there be a 'one best approach'.... i mean should we always try to choose a mid way.... or choosing extreme views can also fetch some marks... if we substantiate....
    There's certainty know best approach bhai...I wrote what would have been my answer..but u should try n include more points from diverse fields..backed up with nos if u can recall them

    :)>-
    zindagi lambi nai..badi honi chahiye
  • @wwg_reloaded.I meant certainly no....typo
    zindagi lambi nai..badi honi chahiye
  • edited October 2015
    @vang123 Hmm... i will take care of points... likhte tym sale yad hi nahi aate... #-o
  • @Captain_Peroxide ..badhiya.. \m/
    zindagi lambi nai..badi honi chahiye
  • @wardi_wala_gunda..bhai NA has been one of the cardinal principles of India's fp and has helped maintain strategic autonomy of foreign policy and serve national interests ..there fore to reject it in entirety would be risky in my opinion
    Present day relevance
    1.China,Russia,USA involved in games of geopolitics..all countries important for India in different spheres... No zero sum game..na helpful
    2.South south cooperation as part of nam to ensure India's interests r projected against agreesive lobbying by developed nations in matters of international negotiation like climate change,subsidies,ipr ,trade
    3.nam countries are 60 % of total membership of UN including all African nations..therefore support crucial for UN, IMF,,wb reforms
    4.India's position as leader of nam likely to add to India's stature
    5.nam reinvented itself post cold war at jakarta conference to incklude issues like global terrorism,regime change and nuclear disarmament.. All this fundamental part of India's fp
    Conclusion ..talk about..nam2.0..how today's nam about multiengagement and not neutrality.. Cite figures of how nam continues to add new members even after cold war to further buttress ur point
    @Captain_Peroxide ..aa jao maidan me


    :>
    6. For mobilizing developing countries on the basis of common shared agenda
    7. Countering the euro centric world and US hegemony; replacement by multipolar world
    8. Growing importance of blocks like SAARC and BRICS amidst trans eurasian trans atlanctic and trans pacific partnerships.
    9. Presence of growing critical infrastructre in afghanistan and Iran(chabahar port)

    I think challenges to point 4 are, NAM lacked leaderships on issues of global importance like drug traffiking, child labor etc and was reduced to discussion theatre only. More has to be done for doing real work. Another challenge to this is many small countries are keen to go for US help for development as NAM had failed earlier in dealing with poverty mainly which may spill the beans, India's reaching out to Israel may worsen the situation which is understood as middle east countries won't like it, this may have implications on energy security(though a far fetched point but can't be ignored).


    10. Enables us to fulfill our requirement without having restricted choices- Space and Nuclear from Russia and Military technology from US (best of both worlds).

    11. Allows us to take a high moral stand unlike an ally of NATO which has to approve of unnecessary military interventions.

    12. Protects our democratic & secular values, doesnt let resentment among minorites- not seen as aggressors in Middle East.
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