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[CS Mains] Unofficial | Leaked | Secret | Updated | Speculated Syllabus

edited August 2015 in Miscellaneous
Hey there!
Hope you did well in Prelims.

Regarding this so called 'Unofficial' 'Leaked' 'Secret' Syllabus, there was a rumor that UPSC 'updated' syllabus and this 'new' syllabus was circulated sometime last year.
It is also said that few questions came from this syllabus.

Though there is no 'Official' update about this, its better to have a look at these new Topics and Judge for yourself.

I am merely copy pasting the speculated syllabus here, from previous discussions:

Check it and do post if there are any updates/modifications..



    Fundamentals of Sociology
    1. Sociology –The discipline:
    Emergence and growth of Sociology
    Sociological perspectives
    Scope of the subject
    Importance of Sociology and its interdisciplinary thrust
    2. Sociology as Science:
    Science, Scientific method and critique.
    Major theoretical strands of Research Methodology
    3. Research Methods and Analysis:
    Qualitative and Quantitative methods.
    Techniques of data collection
    Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity
    Theory building and Content Analysis.
    4 Sociological Thinkers:
    Classical Thinkers:

    Auguste Comte
    Emile Durkheim
    Max Weber
    Karl Marx

    Modern Thinkers:

    5 Stratification and Mobility:
    Concepts : Equality, Inequality, Hierarchy, Exclusion and Inclusion
    Theories of Social Stratification: Structural-Functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory
    Dimensions: Class, Status, Professional groups, Gender and Ethnicity
    Social mobility-open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources, causes and impact of Mobility.
    6. Economy and Society
    New Economic order
    Gender and Economy
    Organised and Unorganised Sector
    Industrialisation and Urbanisation
    7. Governance and Society
    Sociological theories of Power
    Concepts: Nation, State, Bureaucracy, Pressure groups, Civil Society
    Protest, agitation, social movements, revolution
    Emerging Paradigms of governance
    8. Religion and Society:
    Sociological theories of Religion
    Role of religion in Contemporary Society, Secularisation, Religious Revivalism, Fundamentalism
    Religion and Science
    9. Socialization and Social Control
    Socialization and re-socialization
    Anticipatory socialization and adult socialization
    Agencies of Socialization and Social control
    Types of Social control and Sociology of deviance.
    10 Social changes in Contemporary society:
    Sociological theories of social change
    Agents of social change
    Development and Dependency
    Planned government interventions and change
    Info-Tech revolution

    Indian Society
    Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
    Marxist Sociology
    Subaltern Perspective
    Social background of Indian Nationalism
    Modernization of Indian tradition
    Unity in diversity

    2. Social structure
    Rural and Urban Social Structure
    Caste System: Perspective on the study of caste systems: G.S. Ghurye, M.N. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
    Untouchability in India
    Contemporary Rural- Urban Situation

    3. Tribal Communities in India
    Indian Tribals: Features and Composition
    Tribal uprising in India
    Tribal development and administration
    Tribal Migration, displacement and rehabilitation
    Issues of integration and autonomy

    4 . Major issues of India
    Population growth and challenges
    Inequalities, deprivation and Human Rights
    Climate change and Environment
    Poverty, Corruption and Unemployment
    Violence against Women and Children
    Regionalism, Secularism and Ethnic Identity
    Youth, Cultural crisis and Value Erosion

    Urban India
    Urbanization and urban settlements in India
    Urban way of life
    Informal Sector
    Urban planning and Slums

    Social Movements in India
    Peasants and Farmers movements
    Women’s movement
    Backward classes and Dalit movement
    Environmental movement
    Ethnicity and Identity movement
    Anti-corruption movements

    7. Family and Marriage in India
    (a) Structure and Change
    (b) Social Legislations
    (c) Emerging Trends in cross-cultural scenario

    8. Social change in India
    Vision and Planning of Indian Governance
    Strength and weaknesses of Indian Planning
    Science, Technology and Social change
    Indian Economy in the context of Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization
    Civil Society and Social Change
    9. Challenges of Social Transformation
    Crisis of development and Sustainability
    Challenges in educational system
    Emerging challenges of middle class
  • Political Science Updated Syllabus (According to Orkut Insider
    PAPER – I

    Political Theory and Indian Politics:
    Political Theory: meaning, approaches, decline and resurgence.
    Political Ideas: Liberalism, Neoliberalism, Marxism, Pluralism, Fascism, Feminism.
    Justice with special reference to Rawls and Amartya Sen.
    Liberty: JS Mill, Isaiaha Berlin and CB Macpherson.
    Equality: Social, political and economic relation between equality and freedom, Affirmative action.
    Rights: Meaning and theories of rights, Human Rights-meaning and importance.
    Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative; Game Theory and patterns of coalition building.
    Concept of power, authority, legitimacy, hegemony and ideology.
    Indian Political Thought: Dharmashashtra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, MK Gandhi, B.R.Ambedkar, M.N.Roy.
    Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Marx, Lenin, Gramsci.
    Indian Government and Politics:
    Indian Nationalism:

    Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
    Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical Humanist and Dalit.
    Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule and ideological bases of the Freedom Movement.
    Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System; Secularism and Amendment Procedures; The basic Structure doctrine.

    (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.

    Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
    Democratic Decentralisation: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of the 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendments; Issues and Challenges.
    Status and working of Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission; Lokpal.
    Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes; the emerging trends.

    Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms; Some select national missions(Rural Health Mission, Food Security Mission, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Empowerment of Women, MGNREGA, RTE, RTI etc).

    Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.

    Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of legislators.

    Social Movements: Civil Liberties and Human Rights Movements; Women’s Movements; Environmental Movements; Anticorruption Movement.

    Bureaucracy: Its Changing Role, successes and failures.

    PAPER – II

    Comparative Politics and International Relations

    Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:

    Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.

    State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and advanced industrial and developing societies.

    Politics of Representation; Participation and Protest: political parties, pressure groups and social movements in developed and developing societies; ‘Pink Revolution’ in Latin America, Upsurge of mass movements in Africa and West Asia; Movements against Corruption in India and other Asian countries.

    Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.

    Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and Collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.

    Changing International Political Order: Cold war, Arms race, Nuclear threat, Collapse of Soviet Union, Renewal of American hegemony, Relevance of Non-alignment in contemporary world.

    7. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for New International Economic Order; Globalisation of the world economy.

    United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies; aims and functioning; need for UN reforms(democratic deficit in the composition of UN and other International Bodies)

    Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.

    Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, Human Rights, Environment, Gender justice, Terrorism, Nuclear proliferation.

    Debates and Challenges:

    Humanitarian Intervention;
    Expanding state security and shrinking individual liberty;
    Climate change.

    India and the World:

    Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.

    India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role.

    India and South Asia:

    Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.

    South Asia as a Free Trade Area.

    India’s “Look East” policy.

    Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.

    India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.

    India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, China, EU, Japan and Russia.

    India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.

    India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.

    Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel.
  • edited August 2015

    1. Probability:
    Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random
    variables, distribution function of a random variable, probability mass function, probability density function, vector-valued random variable, marginal and conditional
    distributions, stochastic independence of events and of random variables, moments
    of a random variable, conditional expectation, convergence of a sequence of random
    variable in distribution, in probability, in p-th mean and in almost everywhere, their
    criteria and inter-relations, Chebyshev's inequality and Khintchine's weak law of
    large numbers, strong law of large numbers, probability generating function,
    moment generating function, characteristic function, Linderberg and Levy forms of
    central limit theorem. Discrete distributions: Binomial, negative binomial, Poisson
    and multinomial distribution. Continuous distributions: Uniform, gamma, beta,
    normal, lognormal, Pareto, Cauchy and Weibull distribution. Sampling distributions:
    Chi-square, Student's t and F distribution, distribution of sample mean and sample
    variance from normal population.
    2. Statistical Inference:
    Unbiasedness, sufficiency, factorization theorem, exponential family of distributions
    and its properties, completeness. Uniformly - Minimum Variance Unbiased
    Estimator(UMVUE) , Cramer-Rao inequality for single parameter, ancillary statistics,
    Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffe theorems, Consistency and efficency.
    Estimation by the method of moments, maximum likelihood, minimum chi- square
    and modified minimum chi-square, properties of maximum likelihood and other
    estimators, asymptotic efficiency.
    Non-randornised and randomised tests, critical function, most powerful (MP) tests,
    Neyman-Pearson lemma, Uniformly most powerful (UMP) tests, monotone likelihood
    ratio, Standard large and small sample tests, likelihood ratio test and its asymptotic
    distribution. Confidence bounds and its relation with tests. Order statistics and their
    distributions, Kolmogrov's test for goodness of fit, sign test. Wilcoxon signed-ranked
    test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov two-sample test, run test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test
    and median test, their consistency and asymptotic normality.
    Wald's SPRT and its properties, OC and ASN functions for tests regarding
    parameters for Bernoulli, Poisson, normal and exponential distributions. Wald's fundamental identity

    3. Linear Models and Multivariate Analysis:
    Linear statistical models, theory of least squares, Gauss-Markov theory, least
    squares estimates and their precisions, regression analysis, simple linear regression,
    orthogonal polynomials, multiple linear regression, multiple and partial correlation,
    analysis of variance, tests of significance and interval estimates in one-way, two-
    way and three-way classified data.
    Multivariate normal distribution: marginal and conditional distributions characteristic
    function, Mahalanobis-D'' and Hotelling's T2 statistics - their applications and
    4. Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments:
    Fixed-population and super population approaches to survey sampling, simple
    random sampling with and without replacement, stratified random sampling,
    systematic sampling, cluster sampling, two stage and multi stage sampling, ratio and
    regression methods of estimation, two-phase sampling, sampling and non-sampling
    Fixed effects model (two-way classification) random and mixed effects models (two-
    way classification with equal observations per cell), Principle of designs of
    Experiments CRD, RBD, LSD and their analyses, incomplete block designs,
    concepts of orthogonality and balance, BIBD, missing plot technique, factorial
    experiments - 2n , 32. confounding in factorial experiments, split-plot design,
    transformation of data, Duncan's multiple range test

    PAPER - II

    Statistical Quality Control and Reliability:
    Process and product control, general theory of control charts, different
    types of control charts for variables and attributes, X Bar, R, s, p,
    np and c charts, cumulative sum chart. Single, double, multiple and
    sequential sampling plans for attributes, OC, ASN, AOQ and ATI curves,
    concepts of producer’s and consumer’s risks, AQL, LTPD and AOQL,
    Sampling plans for variables, Use of Dodge-Roming tables. Continuous
    Sampling Plans of type CSP-1, CSP-2, CSP-3.

    Concept of reliability, failure rate and reliability function,
    reliability of series, parallel and k out of n systems, Failure models:
    exponential, Weibull, normal and lognormal. Estimation of Reliability
    from complete and censored samples for the exponential model.

    2. Operations Research:
    Applications of Operations Research, Simulation and Monte- Carlo
    methods. Linear Programming (LP) problem, simple LP model and its
    graphical solution, the simplex procedure, the two-phase method and the
    M-method with artificial variables, the duality theory of LP and its
    economic interpretation, sensitivity analysis, transportation and
    assignment problems, rectangular games, two person zero-sum games,
    methods of solution.

    Replacement of failing or deteriorating items, group and individual
    replacement policies, concept of scientific inventory management and
    analytical structure of inventory problems, simple models with
    deterministic and stochastic demand with and without lead time, storage

    Homogeneous discrete-time Markov chains, transition probability matrix,
    classification of states and ergodic theorems, homogeneous
    continuous-time Markov chains, Poisson process, elements of queuing
    theory, M/M/1, M/M/K queues.

    3. Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics:
    Determination of trend, seasonal and cyclical components, tests for
    stationarity, ARMA models and determination of orders of autoregressive
    and moving average components, forecasting based on smoothing

    Commonly used index numbers - Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s and Fisher’s ideal
    index numbers, chain-base index number, uses and limitations of index
    numbers, index number of wholesale prices, consumer prices, agricultural
    production and industrial production, test for index numbers
    proportionality, time-reversal, factor-reversal and circular tests.

    Generalized least squares method of estimation. Problem and
    consequences, detection and solution of multi-collinearity,
    auto-correlation and heteroscedasticity, concept of structure and model
    for simultaneous equations, problem of identification-rank and order
    conditions of identifiability, two-stage least square method of

    Present official statistical system in India relating to population,
    agriculture, industrial production, trade and prices, methods of
    collection of official statistics, their reliability and limitations,
    principal publications containing such statistics, various official
    agencies responsible for data collection and their main functions.

    4. Demography and Psychometry:
    Demographic data from census, registration, NSS and other surveys, their
    limitations and uses, definition, construction and uses of vital rates
    and ratios, measures of fertility, reproduction rates, morbidity rate,
    standardized death rate, complete and abridged life tables, construction
    and uses of life tables from vital statistics and census returns,
    logistic and other population growth curves, fitting a logistic curve,
    methods of population projection, stable population, quasi-stable
    population, techniques in estimation of demographic parameters, standard
    classification by cause of death, health surveys and use of hospital

    Methods of standardization of scales and tests, Z-scores, standard
    scores, T-scores, percentile scores, intelligence quotient and its
    measurement and uses, validity and reliability of test scores and its
    determination, use of factor analysis and path analysis in
    psychometrics, personality measurements.
    SECTION A - Physical Geography:
    1. Geomorphology: Nature and scope of physical geography and geomorphology, Origin and evolution of the Earth's crust; Continents and Ocean basins, composition and structure of the Earth's interior, Recent views on Isostasy, continental drift, plate tectonics, and mountain building; earthquakes and volcanoes; Evolution of landscape and geomorphic processes -fluvial, glacial, karst, coastal and arid; concept of cycle of erosion and its present relevance,
    Applied Geomorphology- settlements, transport, landuse, mining and resource
    2. Climatology: Atmosphere- structure and composition, Elements and factors of weather and climate; distribution of Insolation, heat budget, temperature and pressure belts; Atmospheric circulation- global and regional; including Monsoon and jet-streams; local winds; Airmasses and frontogenesis, temperate and tropical cyclones; climate classification - Koppen's and Thornthwaites; Global climate changes, disturbances in hydrological cycle, urban climate and role of climates on human life.
    3. Oceanography: Major submarine relief features; distribution of temperature and salinity; Ocean currents, Water masses, waves and tides, marine deposits and coral reefs; marine resources, sea-level changes; marine pollution, territorial waters and EEZ.

    1. Bio-geography: Basic ecological principles; origin of flora and fauna; major Gene centres; distribution of plant and animal life on the earth and its relation to soil, climate and human activities, genesis of soils, classification and distribution, soil erosion and conservation, problem of deforestation and conservation measures; social forestry, agro-forestry and, wildlife.
    2. Environmental Geography: Natural resources and environment interface; renewable resources and non-renewable resources: environmental significance and conservation. Environmental hazards- earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, cyclones, cloudbursts; tsunamis, floods and droughts- their types, distribution, measures of control and management.
    SECTION B - Human Geography:
    1. Nature of Geography: Geographical concepts, approaches and methods, subject-matter, science of synthesis, determinism, possibilism and neo-determinism; dualism and integration in geography; revolutions in geography-behavioral, quantitative and radical and their impact; human welfare, approaches; global cultural scenario - languages, religions, races and cultural realms; concept of human development (HDI)- global pattern.

    2. Economic Geography: Spatial organization of economic activities, World resources - forests, livestock, fisheries, agricultural, mineral, energy etc. and their distribution and development; world agricultural types and regions; world industries - types, locational patterns. World trade and transport, globalization and changes in their pattern. Economic development and issues: food and nutrition, food security, energy crises, spatial inequalities - causes and consequences.

    2. Political Geography: State as a politico territorial phenomenon, approaches to the study of political geography- morphological, functional and unified field theory, role of physical, demographic, socio-cultural and historical factors in the emergence of the States; political and administrative framework and its hierarchical relationship to unitary and federal forms of Governance; boundaries and frontiers - functions and classification of international boundries;
    contemporary relevance of global statistic views of Mackinder, Spykman; changing geo-strategic importance in relation to techniques of warfare and emerging economic power.
    3. Population and Settlement Geography: World distribution of population, density and growth; composition of population - age, sex, rural- urban, economic and socio-cultural, their world patterns; determinants and consequences of migration and urbanization, their regional patterns. Recent population policies, issues and problems.
    Types and patterns of rural and urban settlements, factors of urban growth, morphology of urban and rural settlements, hierarchy of urban settlements, rank size rule and primate city, functional classification of towns, sphere of urban influence; rural urban fringe, urban issues and problems.
    5. Applied Geography: Identification of problems of inter-disciplinary nature-geomorphic, climatic, biotic, economic, social and demographic, issues related to physical environment- land quality, degradation, pollution, disaster and disparity, carrying capacity of the land, human resource use and man power planning; sustainable development; concept of region, methods of regionalization; growth pole concept in regional planning and development, integrated development and eco-development. Cartographic techniques and methods, application of RS, GIS and GPS, concept of scale and maps, toposheets, aerial photographs and computer


    1. Physiographic characteristics: Physical and geographic location and relationship of India with neighbouring countries, evolution of Indian subcontinent and its geological \ structure, bases of physiographic divisions of India, macro, meso and micro regions & their salient features;
    River basins: Peninsular and extra peninsular rivers, river basins their types and
    characteristics, geological structure and nature of drainage, their pattern. Climatic types and regions, their bases; mechanism of Indian Monsoon and related theories; seasonal and regional characteristics of Indian rainfall; tropical cyclones and westerly disturbances; climatic hazards and their implications- Floods and droughts, their causes, consequences and remedial measures.
    2. Natural Resourses - Processes of soil formation, characteristics, types and distribution of soils; forests - their types, characteristics and distribution; grasslands, wetland, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, bird sanctuaries and bio-reserves; energy resources- coal, natural gas and oil; atomic minerals; Metallic minerals - iron ore, manganese, bauxite, copper, zinc, tin and nickel; Non-Metallic Minerals -limestone, gypsum, china clay, fluorspar. Forest and wildlife resources, fish Resources, etc. Surface water bodies and ground water resources.
    3. Agriculture: Status and trends in Indian agriculture, agricultural development
    pattern- role of infrastructure (irrigation, seeds, fertilizer, power)
    and institutional factors. Significance of dry and mixed farming and
    livestock resources Cropping pattern and agricultural productivity,
    agricultural intensity and efficiency, crop-combinations, land
    capability; agricultural and agro-climatic regions. Rainbow revolution- its concept,
    prospects, limitations and associated problems. Policies, programs and problems
    related to Indian agriculture.

    4. Energy and Industry: Conventional sources of energy - hydel, thermal
    and nuclear; non conventional sources of energy their regional pattern;
    energy crises, energy mix and policies. Evolution of industries,
    development of industrial complexes, hubs, belts, corridors, suburbs and
    states; agro based industries- cotton textile, sugar, jute,
    fertilizers, and food processing- their locational pattern; metal based
    industries- iron & steel, aluminium industries, ferro-manganese;
    non-metal based industries- cement, fertilizers, chemical and
    pharmaceutical; footloose industries - electronics, software; market
    oriented industries- automobiles, cosmetics, soft drink, etc. Special
    Economic Zones, liberalization, privatization and globalization policies
    and industrial development.

    5. Transport and trade: Roadways, railways, waterways, airways and
    pipeline networks and their complementary- roles in development; role of
    small and medium towns in regional and national development. Growing
    importance of ports in foreign trade; trade balance; trade composition;
    direction and blocks; trade policies; export processing zones. Role of
    communication in the economic development of the country. Trend in
    Indian space programme.


    6. Population: Growth, distribution and density of population; demographic attributes - age and sex, rural-urban, workforce, castes and tribes, literacy and education, religion and linguistic composition; impact of internal and inter- national migration. Human development index in India - regional pattern; population problems and national policies.
    7. Settlements : Types and patterns of rural settlements; Urban developments; Functional classification of Indian towns; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; urban sprawl; slums and associated problems; town planning; trends in urbanization and its consequences and related policies.
    8. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India; Five Year Plans; integrated rural development programmes; Panchayati Raj and district level planning; Command area development; planning for backward area, desert, drought prone, hill & tribal area development; multi-level planning; regional planning and development of island territories.

    8. Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism; reorganization of
    States; emergence of new States; regional consciousness and inter- state issues; international boundary of India and related issues; Cross border terrorism; India's
    role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm.

    8. Development Issues: Ecological and environmental issues; land degradation and salinization; deforestation; desertification; pollution; river linkage plan and its feasibility; water harvesting and watershed management; carbon emission; sustainable development, regional and social inequalities and disparities in economic development; Undernutrition, malnutrition and deficiency diseases; food security; problems related to catchment area; globalization and Indian economy.

    PAPER – I
    History and Problems of Philosophy
    Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality; Virtues.
    Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza and Leibnitz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Relation; Determinism and Freedom.
    Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley and Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Skepticism.
    Kant: Possibility of Synthetic-apriori; Space and Time; Categories of Understanding; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies.
    Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism.
    Moore, Russell and Logical Positivism: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Incomplete Symbols; Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary propositions.
    Wittgenstein: Picture Theory; Theory of Meaning and Use; Language-Games; Critique of Private Language; Forms of Life.
    Phenomenology (Husserl): Phenomenological Method; Theory of Essences; Critique of Psychologism.
    Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre and Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice; Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the world and Temporality.
    Philosophy of Austin, Quine, Strawson and Searle.
    Cārvāka: Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Metaphysics.
    Jainism: Theory of Reality (Anekāntavāda and Syādvāda); Saptabhaņgīnaya; Karma, Bondage and Liberation; Ethical Doctrines.
    Buddhism: Four Noble Truths; Pratītyasamutpāda; Kșaņikavāda; Nairatmyavāda; Nirvāņa.
    Nyāya-Vaiśeșika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Pramā ņa; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation(Asatkāryavāda and Paramāņukāraņavāda).
    Sāmkhya and Yoga: Pŗakŗti; Purușa; Causation (Satkāryavāda and Sargavāda); Citta; Citta-vŗtti; Kleśa; Așțānga; Kaivalya.
    Mīmāmsā: Theory of Knowledge(Svatahprāmāņyavāda); Ethics (Dharma, Vidhi and Niședha).
    Prasthānatrayī; Schools of Vedānta – Brahman; Iśvara; Ātman; Jīva; Jagat; Māyā; Avidyā; Adhyāsa; Mokșa.
    Vivekananda (Practical Vedānta); Aurobindo (Evolution; Integral Yoga).
    Theory of Purușārtha (Dharma, Artha, Kāma and Mokșa).
    Theory of Karma and Rebirth.

    Religion and Morality –Indian and Western.
    Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
    Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitive and Non-cognitive; Role of Mythology.


    PAPER – II


    Social and Political Ideals: Equality; Justice; Liberty and Sovereignity (Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kauțilya).

    Individual and State: Origin of State (Evolutionism, Divine Origin, and Social Contract); Rights; Duties and Accountability.

    Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.

    Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism; Socialism and Liberalism.

    Secularism and Multi-Culturalism.

    Crime and Punishment: Corruption; Terrorism; Mass-Violence; Genocide; Capital Punishment.

    Development and Social Progress.

    Gender Discrimination: Land and Property Rights; Atrocities against Women: Female Foeticide; Empowerment of Women.

    Gandhi (Satyagraha); Ambedkar (Rejection of Caste-System).

    Environmentalism and Eco-ethics.

    Conceptions of God; Attributes; Relation to Human and the World - Indian and Western.

    Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique – Indian and Western.

    Problem of Evil: Indian and Western.

    Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.

    Reason, Revelation and Faith.

    Nature and Object of Religious Experience – Indian and Western.


    Section A
    Language & Grammar
    Telugu and its cognate languages
    Antiquity and history
    Different names of the language Telugu and their history
    Evolution of Telugu language through ages:
    Linguistic changes at phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic levels from Proto Dravidian
    Historical aspects of Sandhi in Telugu
    Telugu in inscriptions and Telugu in kavyas upto dakshinaandhra
    Structure of Modern Telugu
    Phonology and Sandhi
    Noun Morphology: Nouns – Stem classification, stem formation, gender, number, vibhakti, stem alternants, etc.; Pronouns and Numerals
    Adjectives and adverbs: simple complex, derived etc.
    Verb morphology: Verb stem classification, finite and non-finite forms, etc.
    Syntax: Sentence types, nominalizations, subordination, coordination, Direct and Indirect modes of reporting, Discourse analysis – anaphora, etc.
    Influence of cognate and non-cognate languages on Telugu
    Telugu Dialectology and Issues and problems of standardization
    Telugu dialects: social and regional
    Dialect surveys in Telugu
    Problems of standardization
    Preservation, development and modernization of Telugu
    Problems in use of Telugu as Official language
    Functional Telugu and various language movements in Telugu
    Problems and issues related to modernization of Telugu
    Telugu journalism and role of media in modernization of Telugu
    Use of Telugu in education, administration and mass-communication
    Telugu lexicography and its role in development of Telugu language
    Problems related to Computerization of Telugu
    Approaches to Translation: Relevance, Methods and problems with reference to Telugu language; Machine translation
    Telugu pedagogy
    Teaching Telugu as first language
    Telugu Telugu as second language
    Role of Telugu in three language formula
    Poetry teaching
    Telugu as medium of education
    Studies in classical Telugu Grammar
    Sandhi in classical Telugu
    Formation of Tatsamas and Tadbhavas in Telugu
    Compound formation
    Kaaraka theory to explain Telugu syntax

    Section B
    Literature & Culture
    Poetry in Telugu inscriptions
    History and culture of Telugu land and people as reflected in the inscriptions
    Desi aspect of Telugu prosody
    Maatraa chandassu
    Ragadalu, dwipada, udaharana, dandakam, daruvulu, gadyalu, ashtakam, etc.
    Geyam – mutyaalasaraalu, etc.
    Desi meters in comparison with other south Indian languages
    Nannaya period – Historical and literacy background of Andhra Mahabharatam
    Saiva poets and their contribution – Jaanu Tenugu, Bhakti, etc.
    Tikkana’s poetry and his place in Telugu literature
    Errana & Nachana Somana and their place and approach to literature
    Bhakti poets in Telugu literature
    Sataka literature
    Evolution of prabandha and Prabandha poets
    South Indian School of Telugu Literature: Raghunadha Nayaka, Cemakura Venkata kavi, Women poets, and literary Forms flourished in this period
    Modern Telugu Literature – Various Literary genres and forms: Khanda kaavyam, diirgha kaavyam, vachana kavitvam, mini poems, etc;, Novel, Short story, Drama, biographies, auto biographies, diaries, travel literature, musings, letters, etc. various types of Avadhanam, cinema literature, etc.
    Literary movements and trends such as reformation, nationalism, neo-classicism, romanticism, progressive and revolutionary movements, digambara kavitvam, udyama kavitvam, feminist movement, dalit movement, minority literature, praadesikata in literature, etc.
    Main divisions of folk literature and performing folk arts such as yakshaganam, burrakatha, harikatha, oggukatha, etc.
    History and significance of yati and praasa in Telugu prosody

    Answers must be written in Telugu.
    This paper will require first hand reading of the described texts and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability, which will be in relation to the following approaches:
    Aesthetic approach with the application of Rasa, Dhwani, Vakrokti, Auchitya & Alankaara theories;
    Structural, Formal, Imagery, Symbolic, Stylistic approaches
    Sociological, Historical, ideological, Psychological approaches.

    Section A
    Nannaya : Kumaaraastra vidyaa pradarsanam, Andhra Maha Bharatam, Adi Parvam, Shashthaasvaasam. Poems 1 to 63
    Tikkana: Uttara gograhanam, Viraata Parvam, Chaturthaasvaasam. Poems 1 to 81
    Srinadhudu: Kiratarjuneeyam, Haravilaasam, Saptamaasvaasam.
    Potana: Prahlada Charitra, Andhra Mahabhaagavatam
    Allasaani Peddana : Manucharitra, Shashthaasvaasam. Poems 1-126.
    Tarigonda Vengamamba: Muktikaantaa vilaasam – Yakshagaanam (full text)
    Enugu Lakshmanakavi : Bhartrhari Subhashitaalu – NeetiSatakam. Poems 1 to 101.
    Chemakura Venkata Kavi : Vijayavilaasam, Prathamaasvaasam. Poems 1 to163

    Section B

    Gurajada Apparao: Kanyasulkam (Full Text)
    Rayaprolu Subbarao : Truna Kankanam
    Viswanandha Satyananrayana : Ramayana Kalpavriksham. Ayodhya and Aarnya Kaandas.
    Balagangadhara Tilak: Amrutam kurisina raatri – Khanda kaavyam (full text)
    Gurram Jashuva : Piradousi ( full text)
    Aluri Bairagi : Nutilo Gontukalu – Khanda kaavyam ( full text)
    Kaloji Narayanarao : Naa Godav a ( Khanda kaavyam ) ( full text)
    Tirupati Venkata Kavulu : Pandavodyogam - padya naatakam
    Sridevi - Kaalatiiata vyaktulu – Novel
    Panuganti Lakshmi Nartasimharao: saakshi vyaasaalu : The following six essays: 1. Bhoota Vaidyamu; 2. Vimarsaka svabhavamu; 3. Graha chakra jyotishyamu; 4. Divya yogamu; S. Paaschaatya naagarakataa maahaatmyamu; 6. Stree svaatantryamu
    ‘Karunakumaara’ (Kandukuri Anantham); Karuna Kumaara Kathalu
  • Public Administration

    Paper-I :
    Administrative Theory
    The historical dimension of Public Administration - Wilson’s Vision. Major paradigms in the evolution of the discipline and its present status. British philosophy of Public Administration.
    Re-conceptualization of Public Administration: (i)Minnowbrook I, Minnowbrook II, Minnowbrook III; (ii) Development Administration and its changing profile; (iii) Comparative Public Administration and the search for theories; (iv) Gender and administration.
    Comparative study of Administrative systems: U.K., France, U.S.A, Brazil and China - developments since 1980s.
    Masters of Administrative thought and critical evaluation of their contributions: F. W. Taylor, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Chester I. Barnard, M.P Follett, Elton Mayo, Herbert A. Simon, Harold Lasswell, Fred W. Riggs, Geoffrey Vickers, Dwight Waldo, Yehezkel Dror.
    Non-Western tradition in Public Administration: Sun-tzu, M. K. Gandhi, Mao, Nyerere.
    Theories of Public Administration: (i) theories of public control of bureaucracy; (ii) theories of bureaucratic politics; (iii) Public Institutional Theory; (iv) theories of public management; (v) theories of public choice; (vi) post-positivist theories – (a) Critical Theory of Public Organization, (b) Postmodernism and Poststructuralism in Public Administration.
    Public Administration and governance – (i) government and governance; (ii) Good Governance-concept, evolution and applications; (iii) Democratic Governance-concept and contextualization; (iv) E-Government, E-Governance and M-Governance.
    (i) Organization Theory: Classical, Neo-Classical, Systems, Structural, Structural-Functional, neo-Human Relations, Pluralist, Organizational- Social Psychological, Strategic-contingencies, Market, Interpretive-Critical.
    (ii) Organizational decision-making: (a) Synoptic or Rational- Deductive (Dewey); (b) Incremental and Mutual Partisan Adjustment (C.E. Lindblom); (c) Disjointed Incremental (D. Braybrooke and C.E. Lindblom); (d) Mixed Scanning (A. Etzioni).
    Administration and organizational culture- social political and economic determinants.
    Modern Organization in society- creativity factor- motivation and needs (Abraham Maslow, R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor, John Herzberg) – alternative organizational assumptions about people and Psychological Contract: Rational Economic Man, Social Man, Self-Actualizing Man, Complex Man – Aliens and Locals.
    Leadership as: ‘Influential Increment’, manager of environmental contingencies, event management, situated action, management of meaning, negotiation, upward influence.
    Approaches to organizational communication (processes of socialization, conflict management, organizational change and leadership, organizational diversity, technology).
    Organizational rationality: theoretical evolution.
    Public Policy Making – Concepts, models and its critique.
    Public Policy Analysis – Various approaches at:
    Formulation stage – (a) Output Studies (Dawson and Robinson), (b) Policy content (T.A.Lowi, Ira Sharkansky),
    Implementation (N.Pressman, A. Wildavsky, George C. Edwards),
    Evaluation (David Nachmias, H.E.Freeman and Ilene N. Bernstein).
    New developments in ‘policy’ analysis (Paul A. Sabatier and J.W.Kingdon).
    Rethinking the development dynamics: `Anti-Development Thesis’; democracy, bureaucracy and development; development and Non-State Actors; Sovereign State, Supermarket State and development; human development; gendered development.
    Administration in society-(i) administrators; promoters, resisters, accommodators, detractors; (ii) accountability and control-(a) legislative, executive and judicial control, (ii) role of media, civil society organizations and NGOs, (c) judicial activism, (d) whistle blowers, (e) Ombudsman, (f) Citizens’ Charter, Right to Information, Social Audit.
    Techniques of Administrative Improvement – (i) Social Impact Assessment, (ii) CBA, (iii) Network Analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM, (iv) Forms of budget and budgetary processes; (v) MBO; (vi) Public Program Evaluation.
    Ethics in Governance-issues and institutions; Public Administrator’s ethical involvement –Applied ethical choice and its tools and concepts; Administrative corruption-problems and remedies; Relationship between political and career executives-ethical dimensions.
    Administrative Law - Meaning, scope and significance; Administrative Law in France, U. K. and Germany.
    Concept and theories of Local Government - Alexis de Tocqueville, John Stuart Mill, M.K.Gandhi, Cynthia Cockburn, Manuel Castells.
    Public Administration: emerging crisis and new directions.

    Indian Administration
    Evolution of Indian Administration:
    Kautilya’s Arthashastra; “Artha” as political economy; law – seven elements of State; Civil Service and Personnel Administration; Corruption: forms and redressal.

    Medieval Administration:
    Administrative thought: (a) Barni: Tariak-i-ferozeshahi, Fatwa-i-Jahandari; (b) Abul Fazal: Ain-i-Akbari.
    Administrative Practices: (a) Sher Shah: Land Revenue Administration; (b) Akbar: Secular Administration; Land Revenue Administration.
    Salient features of Medieval administration.

    British Influence:
    Legacy of British Rule in politics and administration: Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, Local Self Government.

    Philosophical and Constitutional Framework of Government:
    Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.

    Gandhian and Nehruvian approaches to development: critical assessment.

    Planning in India:
    Origins; Models; Institutions and Mechanisms; Planning Commission; National Development Council; Process of plan formulation at the Union, the state and local levels.

    Public Sector Undertakings:
    Growth and decline; Impact of liberalization and privatization; divestment; status of Nav Ratna undertakings; issues in autonomy, accountability and control.

    Union Government and Administration:
    Executive, Parliament, Judiciary – structure, functions, work processes; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached Offices; Field Organizations; Regulatory Authorities (SEBI, IRDA, TRAI etc.)

    State Government and Administration:
    Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates; State Finance Commissions, State control over local governments.
    Emerging Trends in Union-State Relations:
    Recent trends in inter and intra governmental relations in the context of federalism;
    Legislative, administrative and financial relations; Finance Commission; Chief Ministerialization of State Governments in the contexts of liberalization and coalition governments.
    District Administration since Independence:
    Changing role of the Collector; state-local relations; imperatives of development management and law and order administration; district administration and democratic decentralization.
    Civil Services:
    Constitutional position; structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good Governance initiatives; recommendations of the 5th and 6th Pay Commissions on Civil Services; code of conduct and discipline; staff associations; political rights; civil service neutrality; civil service activism; administrative corruption.
    Grievance Redressal Mechanism:
    Lok Pal, Lok Ayukta, CVC, State Vigilance Commissions, Minorities Commission, Women’s Commission, SC/ST Commission.

    Financial Management:
    Budget as a political instrument; budget and administered prices; role of finance ministry and RBI in monetary and fiscal area; budgetary process; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; accounting techniques; audit; role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

    Administrative Reforms since Independence:
    Major concerns; important committees and commissions; a critical review of ARC I and ARC II; problems of implementation; Performance Monitoring and Evaluation Systems (PMES) and Results Framework Document(RFD); social and political obstacles to reform.

    Rural Development:
    Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave and Jayaprakash Narain; institutions and agencies since independence; rural development programmes; foci and strategies; decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional Amendment and PESA Act.

    Urban Local Government:
    Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global-local debate; New Localism; development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management; specialized agencies in urban development.

    Social Welfare Administration:
    Social policies and legislations since Independence; institutions and agencies; vertical national development programmes in the areas of poverty alleviation; employment generation, rural and urban housing, health, education and women’s empowerment. Role of NGOs SHGs. Tribal development administration.

    Human Rights Administration:
    National Human Rights Commission; State Human Rights Commissions; role of civil liberty groups.

    Law and Order Administration:
    British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; criminalization of politics and administration; police-public relations; reforms in Police.

    Crisis Administration:
    Disaster management – nature and types of disasters – role of governments, NGOs Mass Media; institutional framework for disaster management at the central, state and local levels.
    Water management in the context of emerging problems of Waterlordism;
    Environment and sustainable development.

    Contemporary issues in Indian Administration:
    Problems of administration in coalition regimes; SEZ; land acquisition for development; women in administration – glass ceiling and sexual violence; transparency and RTI; liberal economic reforms; NGOs, CSOs and development; corporate social responsibility.
  • हिंदी

    प्रश्‍नपत्र - ।
    सभी प्रश्‍नों के उत्‍तर हिंदी में देना अनिवार्य है।
    भाग – अ
    ।. हिंदी भाषा एवं नागरी लिपि का इतिहास
    अपभ्रंश, अवहट्ट और प्रारम्‍भिक हिंदी की व्‍याकरणिक विशेषताएं ।
    साहित्‍यिक भाषा के रूप में राजस्‍थानी, मैथिली, अवधी और ब्रज भाषा का विकास ।
    प्रारंभिक एवं मध्‍यकालीन खड़ी बोली (सिद्धों, नाथों, अमीर खुसरो, संत साहित्‍य एवं दक्‍खिनी हिंदी) ।
    साहित्‍यिक भाषा के रूप में खड़ी बोली का विकास ।
    खड़ी बोली आन्‍दोलन – ब्रज भाषा – खड़ी बोली विवाद, इसाई मिशनरियों की हिंदी सेवा, फोर्ट विलियम कॉलेज, आर्य समाज, नागरी प्रचारिणी सभा, हिंदी साहित्‍य सम्‍मेलन, भारतेंदु युग और द्विवेदी युग ।
    स्‍वाधीनता आन्‍दोलन के दौरान सम्‍पर्क भाषा एवं राष्‍ट्रभाषा के रूप में हिंदी का विकास ।
    राजभाषा हिंदी: संवैधानिक स्‍थिति, विभिन्‍न प्रयुक्‍तियों (बैंक, प्रशासन, न्‍यायपालिका, वैज्ञानिक साहित्‍य आदि) में हिंदी का अनुप्रयोग ।
    हिंदी भाषा का वैज्ञानिक एवं तकनीकी विकास : पारिभाषिक शब्‍द निर्माण, अनुवाद साफ्टवेयर, संचार-माध्‍यमों में हिंदी ।
    हिंदी भाषा का मानकीकरण (ध्‍वनि, शब्‍द, उच्‍चारण, व्‍याकरण एवं वर्तनी के मानकीकरण के लिए किए गए प्रयत्‍न एवं स्‍वीकृत मान्‍य रूप ।
    हिंदी की ध्‍वनियां : स्‍वरों एवं व्‍यंजनों का वर्गीकरण, हिंदी शब्‍द निर्माण प्रक्रिया, हिंदी पदबंध, लिंग व्‍यवस्‍था, कारक व्‍यवस्‍था, वचन व्‍यवस्‍था, सर्वनाम व्‍यवस्‍था, क्रिया रचना एवं वाक्‍य व्‍यवस्‍था ।
    हिंदी तथा हिंदी क्षेत्र की बोलियों का पारस्‍परिक अंत:संबंध ।

    देवनागरी लिपि का उद्भव और विकास ।
    देवनागरी लिपि संबंधी प्रमुख विवाद ।
    देवनागरी लिपि की वैज्ञानिकता और मानकीकरण ।
    कम्‍प्‍यूटर और देवनागरी लिपि ।
    हिंदी का अंतरराष्‍ट्रीय स्‍वरूप ।

    भाग- ब
    2. हिंदी साहित्‍य का इतिहास
    हिंदी साहित्‍य के इतिहास लेखन की परम्‍परा: प्रमुख इतिहास लेखकों की इतिहास-दृष्‍टि-ग्रियर्सन, रामचन्‍द्र शुक्‍ल, हजारी प्रसास द्विवेदी, रामविलास शर्मा आदि ।
    काल-विभाजन के आधार और हिंदी साहित्‍य के इतिहास के नामकरण और काल विभाजन की समस्‍याएं ।
    मध्‍य युगीनता और आधुनिकता का स्‍वरूप ।
    आदिकाल: प्रमुख प्रवृत्‍तियां एवं प्रमुख कवि – सरहपा, स्‍वयंभू, गोरखनाथ, चंदबरदायी, अमीर खुसरो, विद्यापति ।
    भक्‍तिकाल –
    भक्‍ति आन्‍दोलन के उदय की दार्शनिक एवं सामाजिक पृष्‍ठभूमि ।
    भक्‍ति आन्‍दोलन के दार्शनिक आधार : अद्वैतवाद, विशिष्‍टाद्वैतवाद, शुद्धाद्वैतवाद, सूफी मत आदि ।
    भक्‍ति आन्‍दोलन : सामाजिक –आर्थिक आधार ।
    भक्‍ति आन्‍दोलन और लोक जागरण ।
    प्रमुख भक्‍त कवियों की ब्रह्म, जीव, जगत एवं माया संबंधी अवधारणा ।
    (ब) प्रमुख भक्‍ति धाराएं
    संत काव्‍य धारा
    प्रेमाख्‍यानक काव्‍य धारा
    कृष्‍णभक्‍ति काव्‍य धारा
    रामभक्‍ति काव्‍य धारा
    (स) प्रमुख कवि – कबीर, रैदास, सूरदास, तुलसीदास, जायसी और मीरा ।

    (vi) रीतिकाल :
    रीतिकाल के उदय की पृष्‍ठभूमि
    रीतिबद्ध, रीतिसिद्ध, रीतिमुक्‍त काव्‍य धारा
    रीति की अवधारणा, शास्‍त्रीयता
    नायक – नायिका भेद परंपरा
    सामंती चेतना एवं लोक चेतना का द्वंद्व
    प्रमुख कवि – केशवदास, देव, पद्माकर, भूषण, घनानंद ।
    आधुनिक काल :
    आधुनिक काल के उदय की पृष्‍ठभूमि
    नवजागरण और राष्‍ट्रीय चेतना
    हिंदी गद्य का उदय
    प्रमुख गद्यकार – भारतेंदु हरिश्‍चन्‍द्र, बालकृष्‍ण भट्ट, प्रतापनारायण मिश्र, चन्‍द्रधर शर्मा गुलेरी, बालमुकुन्‍द गुप्‍त, महावीर प्रसाद द्विवेदी
    आधुनिक कविता –
    भारतेंदु युग
    द्विवेदी युग
    नई कविता
    समकालीन कविता
    प्रमुख कवि – श्रीधर पाठक, मैथिलीशरण गुप्‍त, सुमित्रानंदन पंत, जयशंकर प्रसाद, निराला, महादेवी वर्मा, दिनकर, अज्ञेय, मुक्‍तिबोध, शमशेर बहादुर सिंह, नागार्जुन, कुंवर नारायण, केदारनाथ सिंह ।

    कथा साहित्‍य
    हिंदी उपन्‍यास का उदय और विकास
    यथार्थवाद और हिंदी उपन्‍यास
    मध्‍यवर्ग का उदय और हिंदी उपन्‍यास
    हिंदी उपन्‍यास और समाज सुधार
    हिंदी उपन्‍यास और राष्‍ट्रीय आन्‍दोलन
    हिंदी उपन्‍यास और देश विभाजन
    हिंदी उपन्‍यास और स्‍त्री मुक्‍ति चेतना
    हिंदी उपन्‍यास और मनोविश्‍लेषण
    हिंदी कहानी का उद्भव और विकास
    हिंदी कहानी और आख्‍यान परंपरा
    हिंदी कहानी और किस्‍सागोई
    नई कहानी : नई संरचना
    साठोतरी कहानी
    हिंदी कहानी और पीढ़ियों का संघर्ष
    प्रमुख कथाकार
    प्रेमचंद, जैनेन्‍द्र, यशपाल, कृष्‍णा सोबती, राजेन्‍द्र यादव, काशीनाथ सिंह, मृदुला गर्ग
    हिंदी नाटक
    हिंदी नाटक का उद्भव और विकास
    हिंदी नाटक और राष्‍ट्रीय चेतना
    हिंदी नाटक : इतिहास और कल्‍पना
    हिंदी नाटक और आधुनिक भावबोध
    हिंदी रंगमंच का स्‍वरूप और विकास
    हिंदी की प्रमुख लोक नाट्य शैलियां
    पारसी रंगमंच

    पृथ्‍वी थियेटर, इप्‍टा, नुक्‍कड़ नाटक तथा हिंदी रंग आन्‍दोलन के विकास में अन्‍य रंग संस्‍थाओं का योगदान
    प्रमुख नाटककार
    भारतेंदु हरिश्‍चन्‍द्र, जय शंकर प्रसाद, जगदीश चन्‍द्र माथुर, मोहन राकेश, सुरेन्‍द्र वर्मा
    (x) हिंदी कथेतर गद्य
    (क) हिंदी कथेतर गद्य का उद्भव और विकास
    (ख) हिंदी निबंध, आत्‍मकथा, रेखाचित्र, संस्‍मरण और यात्रा वृतांत का विकास
    (ग) प्रमुख लेखक
    रामचन्‍द्र शुक्‍ल
    हजारी प्रसाद द्विवेदी
    पाण्‍डेय बेचन शर्मा उग्र
    राम वृक्ष बेनीपुरी
    राहुल सांकृत्‍यायन
    निर्मल वर्मा
    हिंदी आलोचना
    हिंदी आलोचना का उद्भव और विकास
    हिंदी आलोचना और रस – सिद्धांत
    मार्क्‍सवाद और हिंदी आलोचना
    नई समीक्षा और हिंदी आलोचना
    संरचनावाद और उत्‍तर संरचनावाद
    अस्‍मितामूलक विमर्श

    प्रमुख हिंदी आलोचक
    रामचन्‍द्र शुक्‍ल
    हजारी प्रसाद द्विवेदी
    रामविलास शर्मा
    नामवर सिंह
  • रश्न पत्र – II

    भाग - क

    1. कबीर : कबीर ग्रंथावली, सं. माता प्रसाद गुप्त - साहित्य भवन, इलाहाबाद

    (i) साखी

    बिरह कौ अंग

    (ii) पद

    1, 7, 8, 10, 11, 17, 21, 23, 24, 27, 39, 40, 42, 45, 51, 52, 53, 57, 59, 67, 70, 72, 92, 110 और 116 = 25 छंद

    2. सूरदास : भ्रमरगीत-सार सं. रामचंद्र शुक्ल, नागरी प्रचारिणी सभा प्रथम 50 पद

    3. तुलसीदास : रामचरितमानस (अयोध्याकांड)

    विनय पत्रिका - सं. वियोगी हरि, सस्ता साहित्य मंडल, नई दिल्ली

    पद- 41,45, 64, 72, 79, 87, 90, 105, 111, 145, 155, 157, 162 172, 174, 189, 191, 198, 216, 219, 237, 247, 260, 275, 277 = 25 छंद

    4. जायसी : पद्मावत (नागमती वियोग खंड), सं. वासुदेवशरण अग्रवाल

    5. मीराबाई : मीरा मुक्तावली-नरोत्तमदास स्वामी, राजस्थानी ग्रंथागार, जोधपुर

    पद- 1, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 20, 28, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 43, 44, 54, 68, 73, 79, 80, 81, 87, 95 और 97 = 25 छंद

    6. बिहारी : बिहारी-रत्नाकार, सं. जगन्नाथ दास रत्नाकर, ग्रंथकार शिवाला, वाराणसी

    प्रारंभिक 50 दोहे

    7. घनानंद : घनान्द कवित्त, सं. विश्वनाथ प्रसाद मिश्र, सरस्वती मंदिर, वाराणसी

    प्रारंभिक 25 छंद

    8. मैथिलीशरण गुप्त : साकेत, नवम सर्ग

    9. जयशंकर प्रसाद : कामायनी, लज्जा सर्ग

    10. निराला : राग-विराग, सं. रामविलास शर्मा, लोक भारती, प्रकाशन, इलाहाबाद

    कविताएं : मैं अकेला, स्नेह निर्झर बह गया है; बादल-राग; वन-बेला

    11. अज्ञेय : आज के लोकप्रिय हिंदी कवि ‘अज्ञेय’, सं. विद्यानिवास मिश्र राजपाल एण्ड संस, दिल्ली

    कविताएं : कतकी पूनो; एक सन्नाटा बुनता हूं; बावरा अहेरी; साम्राज्ञी का नैवेद्य-दान; हिरोशिमा; सोन-मछली; नदी के द्वीप

    12. मुक्तिबोध : चांद का मुंह टेढ़ा है, भारतीय ज्ञानपीठ प्रकाशन

    कविताएं : भूल-गलती, लकड़ी का बना रावण, मुझे पुकारती हुई पुकार

    13 : शमशेर : प्रतिनिधि कविताएं, सं. नामवर सिंह

    कविताएं : उषा; बात बोलेगी; बैल; लेकर सीधा नारा; एक पीली शाम

    14. नागार्जुन : चयनित कविताएं, चयन एवं संपादन मैनेजर पांडेय

    कविताएं : मास्टर; शासन की बंदूक; तीन दिन तीन रात; कालिदास; यह तुम थी; यह कैसे होगा ? उनको प्रणाम!

    15. रघुवीर सहाय : आत्महत्या के विरुद्ध; राजकमल प्रकाशन, नई दिल्ली

    कविताएं: नेता क्षमा करें; अधिनायक; हमारी हिंदी; स्वाधीन व्यक्ति

    भाग - ख

    भारतेन्दु : अंधेर नगरी

    जयशंकर प्रसाद : ध्रुवस्वामिनी

    मोहन राकेश : आधे-अधूरे

    रामचन्द्र शुक्ल : चिंतामणि भाग-1, श्रद्धा और भक्ति; लोभ और प्रीति

    हजारी प्रसाद द्विवेदी : अशोक के फूल, (प्रारंभिक पांच निबंध)

    प्रेमचंद : गोदान

    फणीश्वरनाथ रेणु : मैला आंचल

    भीष्म साहनी : तमस

    निर्मल वर्मा : वे दिन

    राहुल सांकृत्यायन : घुमक्कड़ शास्त्र

    महादेवी वर्मा : श्रृंखला की कड़ियॉं

    ओम प्रकाश वाल्मिकि : जूठन

    प्रमुख कहानियां : उसने कहा था (गुलेरी)

    शतरंज के खिलाड़ी (प्रेमचन्द)

    दृष्टिदोष (जैनेन्द्र कुमार)

    रोज़ (अज्ञेय)

    परदा (यशपाल)

    यही सच है (मन्नू भंडारी)

    राजा निरबंसिया (कमलेश्वर)

    डिप्टी-कलक्टरी (अमरकांत)

    हास्यरस (ज्ञानरंजन)

    इंस्पेक्टर मातादीन चांद पर (हरिशंकर परसाई)


    1. Sources

    (a) Archaeological

    (b) Literary – (i) Indigenous and (ii) Foreign

    2. Pre-History and Proto-History

    (a) Geographical Factors; Hunting and Gathering (Palaeolithic and Mesolithic); Beginning of Agriculture (Neolithic and Chalcolithic).

    (b) Indus Valley Civilization

    Origin and Antiquity, Date, Extent, Characteristics, Contribution and Decline.

    (c) Megalithic Cultures

    Society, Economy and Achievements in Agriculture, Crafts, Pottery and Iron Industry.

    3. The Aryans

    (a) Original Homeland

    (b) Expansion in India

    (c) Vedic Period

    Contribution to Different Aspects of Life – Society, Polity, Economy and Culture. Development of Sciences.

    4. State-Formation

    Janapadas, Mahajanapadas, Republics, Monarchies and Rise of Urban Centres.

    5. Pre-Mauryan Period

    Rise of Magadha, Rise and First Spread of Jainism and Buddhism. Introduction of Coinage. Persian and Macedonian Invasions and Their Impact.

    6. Maurya Period

    Rulers,Polity,Society,Economy and Culture. External Contacts and Disintegration.

    7. Post-Maurya Period

    Sungas, Kanvas, Indo-Greeks, Indo-Scythians, Indo-Parthians, Kushanas and Western Satraps.

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture.

    8. Early Powers of Eastern and Southern India

    The Satavahanas, Kharavela and the Tamil States of the Sangam Age.

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture.

    9. Period of the Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture. Science and Technology.

    10. Regional States during and after the Gupta Period of Northern India

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture. Science and Technology.

    11. Regional States during and after the Gupta Period of Southern India

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture. Science and Technology

    12. Religio-Philosophic Developments during c. 750-1200 A.D.

    13. Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate

    a) The Ghurian Invasion

    b) The Slave Dynasty

    c) The Khalji Dynasty

    d) The Tughlaqs

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture.

    14. Rise of Regional Powers in Pre-Mughal Times

    Bengal, Kashmir, Gujarat, Malwa and Deccan.

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture.

    15. The Mughals and Their Contemporaries

    The Mughal Dynasty

    The Lody Dynasty

    The Sur Dynasty

    The Vijayanagar Empire

    The Marathas

    The Rajputs

    The Sikhs

    Rulers, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture.

    16. Disintegration of The Mughals and Entry of Foreign Powers



    1. European in India

    Early European Settlements; Portuguese and Dutch, English and French East India Companies. Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic wars; the conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Sirajud-daula and the English; The Battle of Plassy; Significance of Plassey; Events leading to the Battle of Buxar; Anglo-Mysore Wars; The Anglo-Maratha Wars.

    2. Early structure of the British Raj

    The Early Administrative Structure; the changing character of British rule; Free trade; the English Utilitarians and India; Ideologies of the Raj; The 18th century in Indian History.

    3. Economic consequences of British Colonial Rule

    (a) The permanent settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue policy; Commercialization of Agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society and economy.

    (b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialization; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; Railroad and communication network; Telegraph and postal services; Famines and poverty; European business enterprise in India; Trade monopoly to political hegemony.

    4. Social and Cultural Developments

    Indigenous education and its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist controversy; Spread of Western education in India; Rise of press, literature and public opinion; Rise of modern vernacular literature; Progress of Science; Christian Missionary activities in India.

    5. Social and Religious Reforms in India

    Rammohan Roy, Devendranath Tagore, Iswarchandra Vidyasagar, The Young Bengal Movement, Dayananda Saraswati, Sati, Widow Remarriage, Movement against Child Marriage, Movements in Madras and Bombay Presidencies, Satyasodhak Movement, Contribution of Indian Renaissance to the growth of modern India, Islamic revivalism: the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements.

    6. Indian Response to British Rule

    Peasant Movement and Tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th Centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion(1859-60); Deccan uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899-1900); the Revolt of 1857; the Peasant Movements of the 1920s and 1930s, the Kisan Sabhas.

    7. Rise of Nationalism

    (a) Factors leading to the birth of Indian nationalism; Foundation of the Indian National Congress; Birth of the Congress and the Safety-valve thesis; programme and objectives of early Congress; Social roots of early Congress Leadership; Moderates and Extremists; the Partition of Bengal(1905), the Swadeshi movement in Bengal and the Beginning of revoulutionary extremism in India.The Home Rule Movement.

    (b) Rise of Gandhi; Pattern of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal; Rowlatt Satyagraha; the Khilafat Movement; the Non-Co-operation Movement; National politics from the end of the Non-Cooperation Movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobediance Movement; Simon Commission; Butler Commission; the Nehru Report; Round Table Conferences; People’s Movements in the princely States, Nationalism and the Peasant Movements; Nationalism and the working class movements; Women and Indian Youth and Students in Indian politics(1885-1947), the Election of 1937 and the formation of Ministries, Cripps Mission, Quit India Movement; Wavell Plan the Cabinet Mission, the Mountbatten Plan.

    (c) Other strands in the National movement; the Revolutionaries: Bengal, Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P., Madras Presidency, Outside India, The Left: the left within the Congress, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party, the Communist Party of India, other left parties.

    8. Politics of Separatism

    The Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; the Independence.


    9. Consolidation as a Nation- Foreign Policy, India and her neighbours (1947-1964); the linguistic reorganization of States; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoral politics; the issue of the National language.

    10. Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Electoral politics, Backward Caste, Tribals and Dalit Movements.

    11. Economic Development and Political Change: Land Reforms, Planning and Rural Reconstruction, Ecology and Environmental Policy, Progress of Science, Scientific and Research Institutions.

    12. India in the 1970s and 1980s : Foreign Policy, Indian Economy, Electoral Politics and the Beginning of Coalition Politics.

    13. Social and Environmental Movement: Chipko Movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Women’s Movements.

    14. Indian’s Response to Globalization and the opening of the Indian economy.


    15. Enlightenment and Modernity

    (i) Transformation from Feudalism to Modernity.

    (ii) Role of the Philosophers

    (iii) Spread of Enlightenment in Europe and Colonies.

    (iv) Rise of Socialist Ideas (upto Marx), Spread of Marxian Socialism

    16. (i) American Revolution

    (ii) French Revolution.

    (iii) American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and Abolition of Slavery

    (iv) Democratic Politics in Britain (1815-1850), Parlimentary Reforms, Free Traders, the Chartists.

    17. Industrialization

    (i) Industrial Revolution in England

    (ii) Industrial Revolution in the Continent.

    (iii) Industrialization and Globalization

    18. Nation States

    (i) Rise of Nationalism in the 19th Century

    (ii) State Building in Germany and Italy

    (iii) Collapse of the Empires in the face of rising nationalism across the world.

    19. Imperialism and Colonialism

    (i) South and South-East Asia

    (ii) Latin America and South Africa

    (iii) Australia

    (iv) Imperialism and Free Trade: Rise of Neo-Imperialism

    20. Revolution and Counter-Revolution

    (i) European Revolution

    (ii) The Russian Revolution(1917)

    (iii) Counter Revolution: Fascism in Germany and Italy

    (iv) The Chinese Revolution(1949)


    21. (i) World War I: Causes and Consequences, the League of Nations

    (ii)World War II: Causes and Consequences, emergence of the UNO

    22. Arab Nationalism

    (i) Arab Nationalism, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Trans- Jordan, Struggle for freedom

    (ii) Emergence of Turkey as a modern State

    23. The World after World War II

    (i) Emergence of the Third World and Non-alignment

    (ii) Emergence of Two power blocks and the Cold War

    (iii) UNO and the Global disputes

    24. Liberation from Colonial Rule

    (i) Latin America-Bolivar

    (ii) Africa-Apartheid to Democracy

    (iii) South-East Asia-Vietnam,

    (iv) Korea

    25. Towards European Unity

    (i) Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community

    (ii) Consolidation and Expansion of European Community

    (iii) European Union

    26. Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World

    (i) Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet Communism and the Soviet Union 1985-1991

    (ii) Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001

    (iii) End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the World as the lone Superpower

    (iv) The World after 9/11
  • LAW

    Constitutional and Administrative Law

    (a) Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Indian Constitution.
    Rule of law, separation of powers and Constitutional governance
    2. Fundamental Rights: A critical assessment.
    3. Relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties.
    4. Constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
    5. Governor and his powers
    6. Supreme Court and High Courts:
    (a) Appointments and transfer.
    (b) Powers, functions and jurisdiction
    (c) Judicial independence and accountability.
    7. Centre-State Relations
    (a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.
    (b) Administrative relations
    (c) Financial relations
    8. (a) Powers, privileges and immunities of Parliament and State Legislatures
    (b) Anti-defection Law
    9. Services under the Union and the States:
    (a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals.
    (b) Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions- Powers and functions.
    10. Free and fair elections- role of Election Commission of India.
    11. Emergency provisions.
    12. Amendment of the Constitution.
    13. Local Self-Government – Constitutional principles.
    14. Principles of natural justice- Emerging trends and judicial approach.
    15. Delegated legislation
    16. Administrative discretion and judicial review
    17. Institutions of Lokpal and Lokayukta.

    International Law
    Nature and sources of International Law.
    Relationship between international law and municipal law.
    State recognition and state succession.
    Law of sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.
    Individuals: Nationality and statelessness; human rights and enforcement procedures.
    Territorial jurisdiction of states, extradition and asylum.
    Diplomatic agents: Powers, privileges and immunities.
    Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.
    United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reforms.
    Peaceful and coercive means of settlement of disputes; aggression, self-defence and intervention.
    Fundamental principles of International humanitarian law – International conventions and contemporary developments.
    Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; nuclear – nonproliferation treaty, CTBT.
    International terrorism, state sponsored terrorism, hijacking and piracy, International Criminal Court.
    New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
    Protection and improvement of the human environment: International efforts.


    Law of Crimes
    General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.
    Theories and kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
    Preparation and criminal attempt.
    General exceptions.
    Joint and constructive liability.
    Criminal conspiracy.
    Offences against the State.
    Offences against public tranquility.
    Offences against human body.
    Offences against property.
    Offences against women and children.
    Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
    The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 and subsequent legislative developments.

    Law of Torts
    Nature and definition.
    Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
    Vicarious liability including State liability.
    General defences.
    Negligence and nuisance.
    Mass Torts: Bhopal Gas Disaster and beyond.
    Constitutional torts.
    Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

    Law of Contract and Mercantile Law
    Nature and formation of contract/E-contract, standard forms of contract.
    Factors vitiating free consent.
    Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
    Performance of discharge of contracts.
    Quasi- Contracts.
    Breach of contract and remedies.
    Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
    Contract of agency.
    Sale of goods and hire purchase.
    Formation and dissolution of partnership.
    Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
    Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

    Contemporary Legal Developments
    Public Interest Litigation.
    Legal Aid, Lok Adalatas and Gram Nyayalayas.
    Intellectual property rights – Concept, types/prospects.
    Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws – Concept, purpose/prospects.
    Competition Law – Concept, purpose/ prospects.
    Food security and legal developments.
    Right to information Act, 2005.
  • Medical Sciences

    Paper – I
    {Applied Human Physiology, Biochemistry,
    Microbiology and Parasitology,
    General Medicine, Psychiatry, Pediatrics,
    Dermatology, Clinical
    Pharmacology, Medical Ethics, Recent
    1. Applied Human Physiology, Biochemistry and
    Immunity, Infection and Inflammation
    Neuromuscular transmission; reflexes; control of
    equilibrium, posture and
    muscle tone; autonomic nervous system;
    somatosensory, vision and hearing
    Physiology of sleep and circadian rhythm
    Haematology and Cardiovascular physiology
    Formation of Blood Cells; Principles of Blood
    Donation; Cardiac Output,
    Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Regulatory
    Endocrine and reproductive physiology
    Key hormones: regulation, formation, and function;
    Oogenesis and Fertilization; Menstrual cycle;
    Organ function tests
    Liver function tests; Kidney function tests; Thyroid
    function tests; Lipid
    2. General Medicine
    Communicable Diseases/Microbiology
    Enteric Fever
    HIV and AIDS
    Drug Resistant Organisms
    Cardio-Vascular System
    Ischemic heart disease
    Rheumatic heart disease
    Venous thrombo-embolism
    Primary and Secondary Hypertension
    Respiratory System
    Community acquired Pneumonias
    Bronchial asthma
    Chronic obstructive airway disease
    Pleural effusion
    Gastro-intestinal and Hepato-biliary System
    Acid peptic disease
    Cirrhosis of liver
    Portal hypertension
    Malabsorption syndrome
    Renal System
    Acute and Chronic Glomerulonephritis
    Acute and Chronic Pyelonephritis
    Nephrotic Syndrome
    Chronic Renal Failure
    Diabetes mellitus
    Thyroid disorders
    Connective tissues disorders
    Rheumatoid arthritis
    Ankylosing spondylitis
    Systemic Lupus
    Coagulation disorders
    3. Psychiatry
    Depressive Psychosis
    Anxiety Disorders
    Alcoholism and Drug addiction
    National Mental Health Programme
    Mental Health Bill
    4. Pediatrics
    Care of the newborn
    Management of small for date or premature baby
    Neonatal sepsis
    Respiratory distress syndrome
    Neonatal jaundice and kernicterus
    Congenital heart disease
    Acute Respiratory Illnesses
    Childhood diarrhea
    Integrated Management of Childhood Illness
    (IMCI): Current Problems and
    5. Dermatology
    Scabies, Fungal infections, and Leprosy
    Eczema and Allergic dermatitis
    Adverse drug reactions and Stevens-Johnson
    Lichen planus
    Herpes zoster
    Sexually transmitted disorders
    6. Clinical Pharmacology
    Mechanism of action, indications and adverse
    effects of:
    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
    Antibiotics; Anti-tubercular drugs; Anti-malarial
    drugs; drugs for
    Kala-azar and Filariasis; Anthelminthics;
    Antifungal and Anti-viral drugs
    H2 receptor blockers and Proton Pump inhibitors
    Anti-anginal drugs and vasodilators
    Antidotes for common poisons
    Immunosuppressant drugs
    Anticancer drugs
    7. Recent Developments
    Health and Medical issues of major significance
    appearing in the National/
    International media during the previous two years
    8. Medical Ethics and Clinical trials
  • Medical science

    Paper – II
    {Applied Human Anatomy, Pathology, Surgery,
    Obstetrics and Gynecology,
    Radiology and Imaging, Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine and
    Toxicology, Recent Developments}
    1. Applied Human Anatomy and Pathology
    Applied anatomy, blood supply and lymphatic
    drainage of major organs
    Developmental embryology of major organs
    Neural pathways and lesions of somatosensory,
    vision and hearing pathways
    Cranial nerves, distribution and their clinical
    Inflammation and repair
    Fine needle aspiration cytology, frozen sections
    and biopsies
    Tumour markers
    2. Surgery
    Common abdominal conditions
    Tuberculosis, Liver abscess, Peptic ulcer, Gall
    stones, Cholecystitis,
    Pancreatitis, Portal hypertension, Peritonitis
    Genito-urinary conditions
    Urinary calculi; GU tuberculosis; Kidney and urinary
    bladder tumours;
    Prostate hyperplasia and cancer; Epididymo-
    orchitis, Hydrocoele
    Ano-rectal conditions
    Hemorrhoids, Anal Fissure, Fistula-in-ano
    Breast conditions
    Fibro adenoma, Aberrations in the Normal
    Development and Involution of the
    Breast (ANDI), Abscess, Cancer
    Thyroid disorders
    Goitre, Grave’s disease; Thyroid cancers
    Vascular conditions
    Peripheral arterial disease; Varicose veins
    Common Cancers in India: Preventive Strategies
    and Management
    Oral, Laryngeal, Esophageal, Breast, Lung, and Gall
    bladder Cancers
    Orthopedic Surgery
    Common fractures; Osteoporosis; Tuberculosis;
    Bone tumors
    3. Obstetrics and Gynecology
    Normal Pregnancy: Physiology, Diagnosis and
    Abnormal Pregnancy: Anemia; Ante partum
    hemorrhage; Intra uterine Growth
    Retardation; Preeclampsia and Toxemia of
    pregnancy; Recurrent abortions:
    Premature rupture of membranes
    Normal labour: Stages of Labour; Management of
    Abnormal labour: Abnormal lie and presentations;
    Complications of labour
    including difficult labour and postpartum
    Pelvic inflammatory disease including leucorrhoea
    Infertility: Causes and Management including
    Assisted Reproductive
    Techniques and their legal and ethical issues
    Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)
    Fibroid of uterus
    Uterine prolapse
    Post menopausal syndrome
    Cancer cervix
    Methods of Contraception: Indications,
    contraindications and adverse effects
    Cafeteria approach; Condoms; Oral contraceptive
    pills; Intra-uterine
    devices; Hormonal injections; tubectomy and
    Medical termination of pregnancy: Indications;
    Methods; Legal Aspects
    4. Radiology and Imaging: Essentials
    Indications, Usefulness and Hazards of
    Conventional X-rays and Contrast
    Radiologic Studies
    Indications and Usefulness of Emergency
    Indications and Usefulness of Routine Ultrasound
    Indications and Usefulness of CT scan in
    Emergencies and Clinical Conditions
    Indications and Usefulness of MRI and PET
    5. Community Medicine (Preventive and Social
    Key Health Statistics and Indicators: India and
    Millennium Development Goals
    Recent Developments
    Principles of Epidemiology and Epidemiological
    Epidemiological Approach; Measurements; Uses;
    Disease Prevention and
    Control; Investigation of an Epidemic
    Screening for Disease
    Epidemiology of Common Communicable Diseases
    in India
    Epidemiology of Chronic Non-Communicable
    Diseases in India
    Demographics, Reproductive and Child Health
    Current issues; Objectives, Components, Goals and
    Status of Reproductive
    and Child Health in India
    Health Programmes in India
    National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme;
    National Leprosy
    Eradication Programme; Revised National
    Tuberculosis Control Programme;
    National AIDS Control Programme; National Rural
    Health Mission; National
    Urban Health Mission; Integrated Management of
    Childhood Illness (IMCI);
    National Cancer Control Programme
    Nutrition and Health
    Nutritional requirements; Sources of nutrition;
    Vitamins and minerals;
    Composition of balanced diet; Nutritional disorders
    Environment and Health
    Health Management and Administration
    Techniques, Tools, Programme Implementation and
    Health Information Collection, Analysis and
    Hospital Waste Management
    Disaster Management
    International Health
    Health Legislations, Bills and Laws
    6. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
    Types of injuries and wounds, and their forensic examination
    Examination of sexual abuse victim
    Collection and examination of blood and seminal
    Hanging, drowning and burns
    Post mortem
    DNA and finger printing
  • Is there any such for Mechanical Engineering??
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