Hello friends :-)
I shall be sharing with you my take on the External Affairs. I shall try to come out with one post every week on Monday
Did you hear about Gwadar port, in Pakistan, being transferred to China
This issue can be seen briefly in 6 parts :-1. What is Gwadar Port?
2. Why is it important?
3. The change of control
4. How will China gain from it?
5. Why is USA worried about it?
6. What are the implications for India?
1. What is Gwadar Port?
Gwadar port is a port in Western Pakistan in the province of Baluchistan. It was built in 2007 with the help of Chinese funding :-2. Why is it important?
a) Strategic location to the West of India
b) It is the westernmost pearl in the Chinese String of Pearls, apart from Hambantota, Chittagong, Sittwe & Kra Canal
c) Acquiring this would lead to full encirclement of India.3. The change of control
The port was being operated by Singapore's PSA for the past 5 years and was supposed to do so for next 45 years. Pakistan has now allowed it to transfer control to Chinese Overseas Port Holdings Limited Company4. How will China gain from it?
a) It becomes part of transport Corridor to carry Middle East Oil from Gulf to Western China
b) It will give China land based supply port (unlike Sri Lanka's Hambantota), outside the control of US Navy, which is powerful.
c) Will give strategic edge to China5. Why is USA worried about it?
a) It sees China's growing naval presence in Indian Ocean as destabilizing its own position - also a threat to its 5th fleet in Middle East
b) USA's another enemy Iran is only 90km from the Gwadar port.
c) China's naval presence will make it influential in the World Oil trade happening through the Strait of Hormuz, where USA's presence and will is unchallenged.6. What are the implications for India?
a) Pakistan now has a developed port far from the reach of Indian Navy, guarded by PRC.
b) China now has a listening post to observe Indian Navy around Persian Gulf & Gulf of Aden
c) China is now closer to Strait of Hormuz, that control India's oils supply and is central to India's Energy Security.