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[Peer Review] Sociology | Answer Writing | Mains 2013 Discussion

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Comments

  • Guys this is bad...Please complete the sociology assignment asap and post the answers...we have to move on..still a long way to go!!!!!!!!!!!!
    True brother a long long way infact! .Once I complete the IR thing(which is almost over), I will upload my answers by tonight
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  • Thanx for the submission of IR work guys those who have not submitted please submit it ASAP.

    Thank You
    ·
  • Q4. Define Ideal type and weber’s concept of verstehen for understanding social phenomena.

    Weber was concerned with the problem of objectivity in social sciences. Therefore he developed “Ideal type” as a methodological tool to understand, scrutinize and analyze social reality in an objective manner.
    Ideal type is a mental construct, a model. It is like an intelligent entity constructed by selecting a certain number of distinct and relevant traits from the whole set of traits, which otherwise could be obscure and confusing. This entity act as a benchmark and any deviation from this unfolds reality. Thus, this tool helps in comparative analysis, empirical researches and reaching general propositions.

    Weber has defined sociology as study of social actions or say social phenomena. Action is social only when it considers other members of society. Therefore to understand an action, one needs to understand the meanings and motives given by actor to the actions. According to Weber, this is possible through “Verstehen” i.e. imagining yourself in the person’s position whose behavior one needs to explain. He defined two types of verstehen. They are:

    a. Aktuelles verstehen i.e. direct observational understanding,
    b. Erklarendes verstehen , explanatory understanding.

    A complete understanding of social action requires a co-ordinated understanding of both. Weber believed action's reality lie in the subjective motives an actor attaches to the action. Therefore to explain causality of action, first understand the motive which is possible through verstehen.
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  • Q6. Using Max Weber’s theory, discuss what ethical and religious ideas produced capitalism in certain societies and how?

    Weber believed that religion prescribes certain guidelines and people orient their behavior in accordance with these guidelines. Religion produces ideas, beliefs and principles which are observed by people in all spheres of life. Weber thought that religion must have some bearing on economic activities of people.

    It is in this context, he has analyzed the rise of capitalism in protestant societies and role of Calvinist ethics in it. He said that economic activity and acquiring wealth was always a part of human society but the disciplined, efficient and organized form of modern capitalism is inexplicable in this setting. The capitalist desire for wealth was not for recreation or luxury, rather money was desired for making more money. Workers worked hard because they considered work an end in itself which carried intrinsic rewards. Weber believed that this capitalist spirit has its roots in the protestant ethics, which encouraged people to accumulate unlimited wealth.

    Weber observed that in the west it was mostly Calvinist (a sect with protestant ideology) who had acquired wealth and made progress in education and employment. He tried to relate the features of Calvinism with the rise of capitalism. The features of Calvinism are :
    a. Image of God- God’s divine will is unknown and man cannot understand it,
    b. Doctrine of pre-destination- certain people are chosen by god for heaven and rest are damned, and to become chosen ones one has to work for glory of god by prospering on earth.
    c. Asceticism- To work for the glory of god, one must follow a disciplined, simple and frugal lifestyle.
    d. The notion of “calling”- all work is sacred and important and it is not merely a work but a mission to be performed with devotion.

    Thus Weber could establish relation between these ethical learning and its contribution to capitalism. He understood that capitalism was not merely a result of people’s desire for wealth but it was for the protestant ethic which motivates people to work hard and acquire wealth.
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  • Next Assignment 4d. Talcott Parsons

    M1 Q.2
    M2 Q.13
    M3 Q.7
    M4 Q.5
    M5 Q.14
    M6 Q.21

    Thank You
    ·
  • @all
    Regarding IR project work till now no submission from @Shkk
    Also @horizon_21 has submitted pdf copy and yet to answer my mail.
    Other two have submitted word file.

    What should i do ?
    1.Member who have not submitted anything till now?
    2.about pdf or word file.

    Concern member please give your views or other wise i will publish as it is which i have received with access to all members.

    Thank you.
    ·
  • @ALL
    I have uploaded the notes in IR folder.
    After seeing the response of IR work i have decided not to work on Gs Plan in collaboration will better work alone.

    Thank You.
    ·
  • 21. In what respect do you think Weber’s conception of sociology differs from that of Durkheim? Which one of the two more satisfactory? Substantiate.

    In a bid to study Sociology scientifically, Durkheim developed the idea of “Social Facts”, in his work” Rules of Sociological Methods”. Social facts were defined “empirically measurable(although not always) realities of society ,which he argued were ”external to” and “coercive of“ of the actors .These social facts included the simpler material social facts (church , state etc.) and theoretically more important non-material social facts(beliefs, norms etc.) Durkheim viewed society to be having a reality of its own, in the form of social facts, which were beyond control and over and above the individual actors of the society; Individuals act and behave in the society according to these social facts. Thus, it can be seen that Durkheim took a macro view of society, with the society acting from above on the individuals.

    Weber on the other hand, proposed the concept of “social action”, which can only be studied of sociologist interpreted the “meanings and motive” given by the actors to those social action. He believed social institutions were built by the actors not the other way around, thus taking the micro view of sociology. Further, the concept of “Ideal types” was developed by Weber,which could be defined as formed by one-sided accentuation of one or more points of view. These models were to be used heuristically, for explaining the causality of social phenomena. He also emphasized that these “Ideal types” were dynamic models and could change with changes happening in the society and in the sociologist’s viewpoint.

    Thus, it can be seen that Durkheim’s theory was stricter in its definitions and forms than weber’s and Weber’s work was more complex than that of Durkheim’s. Durkheim’s theories were more relevant to the primitive societies, when the “mechanical solidarity” was stronger than to the industrialist societies.
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  • 22. Attempt a comparative analysis of Weberian and Marxist theory of social change.Which do you think is more relevant to the Indian Society .Given reason to your answer.

    Marx’s works were heavily influenced by the socio-political conditions prevailing curing his childhood, which was in the aftermath of French, American revolution. Further, Marx got influenced by the social changes brought about by the Industrial revolution to the urban areas (poverty etc). Marx has theorized sociology in historical stages, starting from the early primitive societies, to going to predicting the future of humankind in the form of “Communism”. Marx had viewed social changes occurring dialectically, due to the class conflicts. These changed may be gradual or revolutionary e.g. Capitalism took over feudalism gradually with changes in the mode of production and the concomitant class conflict. But he has viewed Socialism to be taking over Capitalism revolutionarily, or with the sudden overthrowing of the capitalist system by the socialist system. These changes will take place when sufficient number of working class (proletariat) members becomes “class for itself” to “class in itself” or when their “false consciousness” shatters and realizes the “objective reality”, which is their exploitation by the Capitalists (Bourgeois).

    On the contrary, Weber had little faith in the masses, as regards the social change in pursuit of a better and just society. Weber also saw little hope in the middle classes, which were dominated by the petty bureaucrats. Weber had developed a model of “Authority”, in which he defined three types of authority: Rational, traditional and charismatic. While rational model of authority was based of legal law. etc , traditional on the grounds of traditionally accepted norms and values , whereas the “Charismatic authority” was followed by the masses rests on the devotion of the followers in the sanctity, exemplary characters and sometimes supernatural powers of the leader . It is the last type of authority that Weber associated “Social Change” with. “Charisma is a revolutionary force and it leads to changes in the mindset of the actors, subjective or internal reorientation. Such changes may result in the radical alteration in the central attitudes and and direction of action towards different problems of the world.

    In the Indian context, it is weber’s model of Social change that we can find few examples of e.g. Mahatma Gandhi, who with his charismatic authority and radically new principals of non-violence, changed the general attitude of the people towards oppression of the British empire. To site an example, he demonstrated great will and used to go on hunger strike till-death alone, which hit heavily the mindset of the masses. His principals are being again employed by leaders like anna hazare to deal with problems of today’s times. Marxist theory of social change had shown the change of the capitalism to socialism, and India did not see a rise in capitalist thoughts till recently. Although, capitalist thoughts and principals were prevalent in the British Empire’s rule, but those were not as potent a force as argued by Marx for the overthrow of the Empire or the Bourgeois.
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  • one of Weber's question is pending on my side.That Question is of 60 marks and for it I need to do a little more research.That Question and Parson's one I will submit by today evening.
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  • @ALL
    IR work of @shkk
    and document on look east policy uploaded in the IR folder.

    As it seems now everybody has done his part of work so change in attitude about collaborative work but yes everybody has done notes making according to their understanding which can be a hinderance for the group work so i have decided that only mechanical work will be performed in the group if anything as in it will also take at least one week for everybody to do it alone and single full day if everybody do it and then notes making will be a individual process suiting to the needs of oneself.
    Honestly speaking this is the plan should be done by everyone in the group as in giving one day is worthy of this thing i have planned so please show your intent by sending messages.

    Thank You
    ·
  • @ALL
    Sorry for not telling what i am doing
    First of all it is the grand plan of GS will include paper 1 to paper 3
    Second as a part of this exercise we will generate around 6000 pages the reason being only mechanical work of copy pasting of articles will be done topic wise.
    After this you can make out your own notes without searching for anything here and there (can be done in around 500 pages)
    And after this will be left with updating it regularly can be done giving just 30 minutes in a group or 3 hours alone.
    You won't need any coaching notes after this as the coverage wise and depth wise this will be the best possible notes any one can make.

    I hope i am clear now.

    Thank you
    ·
  • @All
    please visit the group folder of sociology for detailed syllabus that is how we need to catgorize our work

    Thank you
    ·
  • @aman8770 -
    How do you plan to move ahead?
    What's the idea?
    Where to look for it?
    How to look for it?
    Please provide a detailed description and a broader timeline.

    Thanks.

    You can also subscribe my channel/page "Sleepy Classes" on youtube. All the best :)
    ·
  • @ALL
    Assignment of Talcott parsons will be submitted with R k Merton in night which can be assigned today by respective member the same previous page have full question list of R k Merton.

    Also till Parsons will be compiled at the same time .

    Thank you
    ·
  • @shkk
    Wait for some time buddy
    The work will be solely based on The Hindu
    GS syllabus you can find in the Socio folder as i want to include everybody in this very important work.
    Also the idea will be the same as for IR work .

    Thank You
    ·
  • @ALL
    Check socio answer writing folder to see going plan of GS.

    Thank You
    ·
  • @aman8770
    Are you sure that this exercise will cover major portion ?
    Becoz I am going through last year paper and could not find the reference to the National Innovation Policy ,Mohini Giri Committee,National Mission on Libraries or trans fats in hindu.These are picked more from PIB than Hindu.
    The questions which have been from newspaper were in quite discussion like Tiger Reserve,Health in 12th FYP etc.
    As you mentioned Zoroastrianiam it was not in news in 2011 or 2012 ,it is of culture portion and it has reference in Religion chapter of spectrum
    Dont you think it is better to first cover PIB in the similar manner or at least we can make a list from PIB and then search it in Hindu.
    Others please give ur views.
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  • @horizon_21
    wait for sometime a let me see
    Thanks for doing this research will find out the appropriate way

    Thank you
    ·
  • @horizon_21
    find the link
    http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/mag/2002/07/21/stories/2002072100130200.htm
    for the Zoroastrianiam question
    Alo do the ctrl F and enter Fire you will get the answer
    other thing let me check

    Thank You
    ·
  • but that news is of 2002.you can simply find fire in zorastrian religion in spectrum.
    ·
  • @horizon_21
    So do you have any better plan??
    as in the keywords plan is not 100% as i said earlier also but then we can do it only for important keywords and if you can come with any better plan we can work on it.

    Thank you
    ·
  • @aman8770
    my viewpoint is that we should make list of important keywords from PIB and then can do a little bit research on it . It will tell us of any important policies, schemes,committee and discussion going on within political and administrative circle.
    ·
  • @horizon_21
    For the national mission on libraries
    http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/youth-must-have-access-to-quality-books/article3073519.ece

    The above two are of last year's i think

    Thank you
    ·
This discussion has been closed.

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