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[Essay] Conflict, Religion and Foreign Policy

Folks, please provide some fodder wrt this essay topic.
be a UPSC killer than a UPSC lover

Comments

  • Folks, please provide some fodder wrt this essay topic.

    http://vicepresidentofindia.nic.in/speeches-Interviews
    hamid ansari sir ki speech the best resource for essay I always read them you can make notes from last one year speech on different topic it will benefit in essay ethics and IR
  • fakeid said:

    Folks, please provide some fodder wrt this essay topic.

    http://vicepresidentofindia.nic.in/speeches-Interviews
    hamid ansari sir ki speech the best resource for essay I always read them you can make notes from last one year speech on different topic it will benefit in essay ethics and IR
    https://docs.google.com/document/d/1G9_rOaYpbv1mVimiDj_2U48Y34Geyu4WrLSVSgnEFks/edit?usp=drivesdk
    here are the some selected speeches I compiled before 2016 mains
  • keywords for Democracy you can choose aur edit it in your own way

    Democracy
    collective decision process


    "Democracy is indeed a set of ideas and principles about freedom, but it also consists of practices and procedures that have been molded through a long, often tortuous history. Democracy is the institutionalization of freedom" us embassy in korea

    80.20
    form function . way of life practical
    ideals principal norms standards
    3 I
    idea ideals Lincoln deftn,
    institutions instrument infrastructure
    instrumental good laws policy (interests rights opinions of people by dm)
    improvement in character of participants
    autonomy rationality and morality
    Hobbes plato were against democracy

    non instrumental liberty equality public justification
    modalities
    individual

    Desirability demand
    design govt parl system
    distribution of power rule of law 3 organ


    deliberative
    direct
    disruptive ( achieve by disruptive action like anna hajare kejriwal or black money demonetization )
    destructive

    debate
    discussion
    disagreements
    dialogue
    dissent
    decision collective decision process

    duty to obey
    digital dividend l
    diversity of opinion expertise policy ideas
    diversity of lang culture society values

    dignity HR FR ER CR SR CulR
    divide division minority marginal unity
    defend vigilance is the etharnal price of ind
    discretion
    decision
    distribution

    disenfranchised


    tolerance pluralism secularism

    justice
    equality
    opportunity
    equity

    indicator
    delivery of quality governance se
    1.development
    2. dignity
    3. distributive justice



    Democracy is both an ideal to be pursued and a mode of
    government to be applied according to modalities which reflect
    the diversity of experiences and cultural particularities without
    derogating from internationally recognised principles, norms and
    standards.


    7 Essentials of Democracy

    This YouTube video from New Zealand, "Direct Democracy: 7 Essential Principles for Resurrecting Western Democracy", identifies some democratic principles, which I've paraphrased here:

    No citizen should live in fear of another citizen
    Truth and freedom should not be sacrificed for safety
    People should be in control of the most important things in their lives
    Equality should not triumph over liberty
    Liberty exists to do what is just and good
    Central government should relinquish things that can be done locally
    Citizens should have equal democratic power


    4 P

    1.political system. select reject of govt
    2. participation in public life and politics by public
    3. protection of fundamental human rights
    4. Procedure apply equally to use of law
    democracy incorporates four major principles: it is a political system for choosing and replacing governments through free and fair elections; it involves the active participation of citizens in politics and public life; it entails protection of the human rights of all citizens; it is a rule of law in which the laws and procedures apply equally to all citizens

    "democracy is like a flower. You must give it water and sun daily. You can’t pour enough water for a month at once. Democracy needs daily maintenance.”

  • Shad said:
    lol...united colors of India... the wrter of the article is a brand conscious capitalist agent... The Hindu must unweed him. This is blasphemy... :trollface:
  • fakeid said:

    fakeid said:

    Folks, please provide some fodder wrt this essay topic.

    http://vicepresidentofindia.nic.in/speeches-Interviews
    hamid ansari sir ki speech the best resource for essay I always read them you can make notes from last one year speech on different topic it will benefit in essay ethics and IR
    https://docs.google.com/document/d/1G9_rOaYpbv1mVimiDj_2U48Y34Geyu4WrLSVSgnEFks/edit?usp=drivesdk
    here are the some selected speeches I compiled before 2016 mains
    Thank you for sharing. It's indeed quite useful.
  • Shad said:
    lol...united colors of India... the wrter of the article is a brand conscious capitalist agent... The Hindu must unweed him. This is blasphemy... :trollface:
    Let's boycott The Hindu :sunglasses:
  • edited July 15
    "Democracy is indeed a set of ideas and principles about freedom, but it also consists of practices and procedures that have been molded through a long, often tortuous history. Democracy is the institutionalization of freedom"

    Intro : Democracy ->greek word -> power to the people -> Indian Constitution Preamble " We the people of india " -> dependence on the ability of people to recognize their good and bad -> institution of freedom -> the three divides -> social, political and economic.

    Evolution of Democracy : Autocratic monarchies -> ellitist democaracy (franchise rights to only a few) -> democracy, as is seen today. Indian history -> lines of democracy present -> ganas, sanghas, Buddhist texts speaking of election by Lichchhavis and quorum -> Decentralization of democracy, Ur in the Chola dynasty, grama vriddha etc.

    Modernity is the historic constellation: advent of capitalism -> liberal governements -> individuation. In india democracy and liberal govts came before the first process took place. Indias acquaintance with democracy in the colonial format.

    Democracy in Various forms : Parliamentary, direct, decentralized, participative etc.
    Parliamentary : Described in the light of UK and Indian systems. Elected representatives. collective responsibility. debates. individual responsibility. UAF (univ adult franchise). No concept of referendum. Stratified. However, source of all power is the people, and the Constitution reigns supreme
    Direct : Power evolves from the people itself. Basic features : No person fears another -> Liberty of just doings-> Truth prevails ahead of liberty -> equality should not be ahead of liberty -> equal democratic powers etc. Referendum, initiative and recall -> the power of policy making in the hands of people -> form of athenian democracy
    Participative democracy -> The elected members only act as policy implementors -> Voters aware of the duties of the elected -> has elements of both representative and direct -> so is the case for officers..
    Democracy as institutionalization of freedom:
    Freedom-> Rights -> Fundamental and others : Rights to equality , right to freedom of speech, expression -> Right to life -> Rights against exploitation -> Right to education -> Right to information -> Minority rights -> Right to profession of religion
    But Rights correlative with duties. Duties often not performed. Democracy is best served as said martin luther king if one is an active member of it. Problems with high individuation. Rights and self interest dictating over the Social and moral good.

    So what are thr problems?
    Duty issue : Voters dont vote -> good samaritan issue -> RTI handicapped -> Duty to pay taxes -> Duty to protect whistleblowers
    Social Democracy -> plagued by issues like lack of uniform civil code, fractious reln between the communal groups -> Rights as claims-> But then parliamentary privileges : our representatives enjoy freedom from arrest on civil issues for more than 365 days -> Sedition often improperly used -> Legislators laying before court that they are not "public servants".
    Economic Democracy -> Hardly ever achieved. Reduction of inequality even a global isssue and a SDG, but coming to ground reality -> Collusion between the government and the officials and capitalism (Crony capitalism) -> Revolving Door problem->welfare economics taken a backseat in the growing tendency of growth.
    Political Democracy -> Achieved in a theoritical sense. But as long as people remain uneducated, remain poverty stricken -> driven by shallow goasl (like i will give u farm loan waiver) than original drivers of democracy.
    Governance issue -> Governance to bring about removal of unfreedoms thereby ensuring growth security and development. Unfortunately, the ideas of democracy often take a backseat in the rulebook of politicians and bureaucracy, that still has the colonial belief of "am separate from others". A case in point is the Haileybury college where Civil servants were specifically trained to realise " you are not one of the natives". So that reluctance, nay saying, nonchalant attitude has still remained.
    Often Ethically Strained -> High values, rich ideology -> But implementation seems to be pyramidal -> apex communities using the lowers for their own advantage

    Democracy will evolve in this fashion, learning from its various pitfalls. World has seen Nazism and Fascism, world has seen autocracies fall, world has seen Russia accept democracy (although in a very tainted form, maimed by corruption), so in this fashion, we can see ideas of tolerance, liberation, pluralism spreading across world. Broad coverage on multifarious issues, inspite of all its drawbacks. Atleast ascertains every person a value, irrespective of what his identity is, (race, caste religion sex place of birth) etc. Several Social movements across India and world -> proves that democracy is just not a "face value". Prominence of DPSPs and the role of the SC in preserving democracy in its original form, in India. Although its not a sufficient condition to obtain welfare of all, its a necessary one.

    Plz review

  • "Democracy is indeed a set of ideas and principles about freedom, but it also consists of practices and procedures that have been molded through a long, often tortuous history. Democracy is the institutionalization of freedom"

    Intro : Democracy ->greek word -> power to the people -> Indian Constitution Preamble " We the people of india " -> dependence on the ability of people to recognize their good and bad -> institution of freedom -> the three divides -> social, political and economic.

    Evolution of Democracy : Autocratic monarchies -> ellitist democaracy (franchise rights to only a few) -> democracy, as is seen today. Indian history -> lines of democracy present -> ganas, sanghas, Buddhist texts speaking of election by Lichchhavis and quorum -> Decentralization of democracy, Ur in the Chola dynasty, grama vriddha etc.

    Modernity is the historic constellation: advent of capitalism -> liberal governements -> individuation. In india democracy and liberal govts came before the first process took place. Indias acquaintance with democracy in the colonial format.

    Democracy in Various forms : Parliamentary, direct, decentralized, participative etc.
    Parliamentary : Described in the light of UK and Indian systems. Elected representatives. collective responsibility. debates. individual responsibility. UAF (univ adult franchise). No concept of referendum. Stratified. However, source of all power is the people, and the Constitution reigns supreme
    Direct : Power evolves from the people itself. Basic features : No person fears another -> Liberty of just doings-> Truth prevails ahead of liberty -> equality should not be ahead of liberty -> equal democratic powers etc. Referendum, initiative and recall -> the power of policy making in the hands of people -> form of athenian democracy
    Participative democracy -> The elected members only act as policy implementors -> Voters aware of the duties of the elected -> has elements of both representative and direct -> so is the case for officers..
    Democracy as institutionalization of freedom:
    Freedom-> Rights -> Fundamental and others : Rights to equality , right to freedom of speech, expression -> Right to life -> Rights against exploitation -> Right to education -> Right to information -> Minority rights -> Right to profession of religion
    But Rights correlative with duties. Duties often not performed. Democracy is best served as said martin luther king if one is an active member of it. Problems with high individuation. Rights and self interest dictating over the Social and moral good.

    So what are thr problems?
    Duty issue : Voters dont vote -> good samaritan issue -> RTI handicapped -> Duty to pay taxes -> Duty to protect whistleblowers
    Social Democracy -> plagued by issues like lack of uniform civil code, fractious reln between the communal groups -> Rights as claims-> But then parliamentary privileges : our representatives enjoy freedom from arrest on civil issues for more than 365 days -> Sedition often improperly used -> Legislators laying before court that they are not "public servants".
    Economic Democracy -> Hardly ever achieved. Reduction of inequality even a global isssue and a SDG, but coming to ground reality -> Collusion between the government and the officials and capitalism (Crony capitalism) -> Revolving Door problem->welfare economics taken a backseat in the growing tendency of growth.
    Political Democracy -> Achieved in a theoritical sense. But as long as people remain uneducated, remain poverty stricken -> driven by shallow goasl (like i will give u farm loan waiver) than original drivers of democracy.
    Governance issue -> Governance to bring about removal of unfreedoms thereby ensuring growth security and development. Unfortunately, the ideas of democracy often take a backseat in the rulebook of politicians and bureaucracy, that still has the colonial belief of "am separate from others". A case in point is the Haileybury college where Civil servants were specifically trained to realise " you are not one of the natives". So that reluctance, nay saying, nonchalant attitude has still remained.
    Often Ethically Strained -> High values, rich ideology -> But implementation seems to be pyramidal -> apex communities using the lowers for their own advantage

    Democracy will evolve in this fashion, learning from its various pitfalls. World has seen Nazism and Fascism, world has seen autocracies fall, world has seen Russia accept democracy (although in a very tainted form, maimed by corruption), so in this fashion, we can see ideas of tolerance, liberation, pluralism spreading across world. Broad coverage on multifarious issues, inspite of all its drawbacks. Atleast ascertains every person a value, irrespective of what his identity is, (race, caste religion sex place of birth) etc. Several Social movements across India and world -> proves that democracy is just not a "face value". Prominence of DPSPs and the role of the SC in preserving democracy in its original form, in India. Although its not a sufficient condition to obtain welfare of all, its a necessary one.

    Plz review

    Constitution/Parliament in that parliamentary part (In uk parliament is supreme)
  • Thank you, everyone, for your great contribution.
    If you provide your content especially focusing on the essay topic (Conflict, Religion and Foreign Policy) that will be great.
    be a UPSC killer than a UPSC lover
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