MGP/MGP+ 2018 - Starts 18th Nov - Admissions Open.
Admissions for MGP/MGP+ 2018 are now open. Course begins from 18th Nov, 2018. Read Complete details here. To subscribe visit http://instamojo.com/ForumIAS

LWE in Jharkhand - People can add to it


Left-Wing Exremism in Jharkhand

Post 2014 the situation has improved a lot (however, one must not forget that naxalism has been seen to assert itself in a cyclical pattern) - in 2016 in Jharkhand 84 people (MHA stats) were killed due to LWE (as opposed to 55 in 2015, thus indicating a resurgence in LWE again); the recent demonitisation has made them more desparate, extortions have spiked up, Maoists have started targeting infrastructure projects from which they can extract funds

Affected districts - Chatra, Latehar, Palamu, Garhwa, Gumla, Lohardaga, Koderma, Simdega, Pakur, Giridih and Khunti

Very Negligible (almost zero affected) but still the MHA cites them as affected - Bokaro, Dhanbad, East and West Singhbhum, Giridih, Hazaribagh, (hell even Ranchi), Saraikela, Ramgar, Dumka and Deogarh

LWE Outfits - more than 25 splinter outfits (most banned) : CPI-Maoist and PLFI (major), Tritya Prastuti Committee (TPC), TPC-2, Jharkhand Prastuti Committee (JPC), Sangharsh Jan Mukti Morcha, Jharkhand Jan Multi Party (JJMP), etc

Catalysts -
  • Social discrepancy (widespread poverty; failure of health + governance + education + security infrastructure in the state)
  • State neglect - Low allocation of development funds
  • Resettlement + rehabilitation issues faced by tribals (displaced by mining and other industrial activities)
  • Lack of faith in the state govt (corruption, rot and ineptitude in governance and the sheer disregard for tribal sentiments)
  • Lethargic state police force (ineffective also because to the dense forests and hilly terrain of the region)
  • Human rights violations (mostly by the paramilitary forces - BSF and CRPF personnels)
Origins -

Era of Exploitation
State monopoly over the mineral and forest resources of undivided Bihar coupled with crony capitalism (the businessman + neta collusion) + step-motherly treatment to this part of Bihar wrt the disbursement of state developement funds >> unhindered exploitation >> Absolutely zero trickle down of wealth to the masses >> root cause behind the very much visible stark social discrepancy (widespread poverty) >> forced the the landless poor to claim their right to resources of their own land

Era of Assertion of Tribal Aspirations
1970s + early 1980s >> diplaced tribals organize themselves >> assertion of tribal rights, right-to-statehood and right over resources >> formation of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, JMM 1970s - leader:Shibu Soren + Nirmal Mahto + the Marxist Arun Kumar Roy (later left JMM as it had shifted more to the right by the early 1980s); core ideology - regionalism + illegal exploitation of state resources (felling of sal and teak trees in Sardana area) >> Bihar govt's response was to intimidate them via force (armed retaliation) >> More than 100 tribals killed and hundreds injured; human rights violations by the police (molestation + killing out of suspicion and revenge)

Era of the Maoist Boost
1980s and 1990s >> Tribal political leaders sought allies with the ones with firepower >> The Maoists come into picture - especially the MCC (Maoist Communist Centre) + a branch of PWG (People's War Group)>> ideology of armed insurgency and rejection of parliamentary politics >> the Maoist propaganda + the state failure in the provision of basic faicilities means that the movement gains 'popular support' >> various districts become sanctuaries for the Maoist operations

Note: MCC and PWG were banned and they merged to form CPI (Maoist) >> This outfit has been included in the Schedule of Terrorist Organisations under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967

Observations in Jharkhand:
- Naxal activity in an area >> a direct correlation with the coal, mineral and forest resource extraction activities [eg - Lohardaga - Mining of bauxite (now exhausted), Coal - Chatra, Pakur (with the coal mines opening up in 1990s Pakur saw a steep surgence in naxal activities), and Latehar, etc] >> focus on extortion and levies
- Curbing of the Naxal movement (early 2000s) in Chattisgarh led to a massive influx of the insurgents into Jharkhand
- highly destructive (vis-a-vis Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, MP, etc) >> attempts to uproot railway lines, killing of security force personnels, political leaders and civilians (alleged to be 'police informers'), abductions for ransoms and for securing freedom to their jailed colleagues
- affected no. of districts abnormally high (16-17 as per estimates)
- Intensity higher in the districts along state borders >> Jharkhand-Odisha and Jharkhand-Chattisgarh border (to take advantage of the lack of proper co-ordination among law enforcement agencies of two states)
-looting weaponry
- financing of activities by 'accepting contributions' + extortions from businessmen, politicians, corrupt bureaucrats, etc
- frequent naxal-bandis
-passing of diktats and directing villagers to boycott polls or caste their vote in favour of a particular party leader
- organisation of parallele system of governance (Jan Adalats, People's Police, etc) >> Denial of justice is the primary reason that resulted in the formation of the parallel judiciary (kangaroo courts), which deal with disputes related to jal, jory and jameen.
-the naxalites have tried to create a vacuum at the grass-roots level of the existing political structures (hence killing of lower level govt officials, police-personnels of the local police stations, reps of Panchayati raj, etc) and if successful they coerce the local population to join the movement while simultaneously carrying out a strident propaganda against the puported and real inadequacies of the existing state structure >> issues taken up - 'dispacement of tribals', 'corporate exploitation', 'human rights violation', etc

A few operations to counter the naxalites (highly ineffective)-
  • Op Eagle
  • Op X
  • Op Shikhar
  • Op Hill Top
  • Op Black Thunder
Recent instances of Naxal Attacks that caught media attention:
  • Sunil Mahto (MP) shot dead in 2007
  • Landmine blast (bridge blown up, people died) - Garwah, 2012
  • SP Amarjit Balihar killed along with 5 other police personnels - Dumka/Pakur, 2013
  • 7 people killed by ultras of the banned PLFI (People's Liberation Front of India) - Gumla, 2014
  • SP Prabhat Kumar skimish with militants - Khunti, 2015
  • 5 policemen dead (landmine explosion) - Palamu, 2016
@Woodpecker Woody bhai, as promised, dekho ye ek framework post kari hai B)
Typing on a tablet is a pain in the ass :s
Ab koi knowledgeable admi isme additions kar de to mast ho jaye, main thoda busy ho rha ab
Adieu B)
The associated email has been deleted. The ID is defunct.

Comments

  • Bhai aacha likhe ko. Dhanyawaad info k liye. @akkib89
    Man is sometimes extraordinarily, passionately, in love with suffering.
  • Can anyone tell me what was saranda action plan?did it succeed or fail?can it be used as a template for development in other naxal affected area of the state?
  • Thanku @akkib89 for such an insightful information
  • edited February 10
    Chalo achcha hai bhailog ko kaam ki chhez to mili B)

    Serwa to arz karna bhuliye gaye, jane se pehle (to someone cloj to my heart), sasura isiliye loutna pada B)


    तेरी चाहत तो मुक़द्दर है मिले न मिले,
    राहत ज़रूर मिल जाती है तुझे अपना सोच कर....

    B)



    ........
    उसने इस नज़ाकत से मेरे होठों को चूमा की
    रोज़ा भी ना टूटा और इफ्तारी भी हो गई ...

    मत पूछो उसके प्यार करनेका अंदाज़ कैसा था ..

    उसने इस शिद्दत से सीने से लगाया की
    मौत भी ना हुई और जन्नत भी मिल गयी



    ........

    B) B)
    Over and out,
    ......

    Ting :mrgreen:

    Final adieu.
    The associated email has been deleted. The ID is defunct.
  • @akkib89
    Kaafi acche se prepare kiya hai yeh topic. How much time(you took) and your sources for this topic?
    Geography Optional.
  • Very informative. Thank you good soul.
  • edited February 10
    akkib89 said:


    Left-Wing Exremism in Jharkhand

    Post 2014 the situation has improved a lot (however, one must not forget that naxalism has been seen to assert itself in a cyclical pattern) - in 2016 in Jharkhand 84 people (MHA stats) were killed due to LWE (as opposed to 55 in 2015, thus indicating a resurgence in LWE again); the recent demonitisation has made them more desparate, extortions have spiked up, Maoists have started targeting infrastructure projects from which they can extract funds

    Affected districts - Chatra, Latehar, Palamu, Garhwa, Gumla, Lohardaga, Koderma, Simdega, Pakur, Giridih and Khunti

    Very Negligible (almost zero affected) but still the MHA cites them as affected - Bokaro, Dhanbad, East and West Singhbhum, Giridih, Hazaribagh, (hell even Ranchi), Saraikela, Ramgar, Dumka and Deogarh

    LWE Outfits - more than 25 splinter outfits (most banned) : CPI-Maoist and PLFI (major), Tritya Prastuti Committee (TPC), TPC-2, Jharkhand Prastuti Committee (JPC), Sangharsh Jan Mukti Morcha, Jharkhand Jan Multi Party (JJMP), etc

    Catalysts -

    • Social discrepancy (widespread poverty; failure of health + governance + education + security infrastructure in the state)
    • State neglect - Low allocation of development funds
    • Resettlement + rehabilitation issues faced by tribals (displaced by mining and other industrial activities)
    • Lack of faith in the state govt (corruption, rot and ineptitude in governance and the sheer disregard for tribal sentiments)
    • Lethargic state police force (ineffective also because to the dense forests and hilly terrain of the region)
    • Human rights violations (mostly by the paramilitary forces - BSF and CRPF personnels)
    Origins -

    Era of Exploitation
    State monopoly over the mineral and forest resources of undivided Bihar coupled with crony capitalism (the businessman + neta collusion) + step-motherly treatment to this part of Bihar wrt the disbursement of state developement funds >> unhindered exploitation >> Absolutely zero trickle down of wealth to the masses >> root cause behind the very much visible stark social discrepancy (widespread poverty) >> forced the the landless poor to claim their right to resources of their own land

    Era of Assertion of Tribal Aspirations
    1970s + early 1980s >> diplaced tribals organize themselves >> assertion of tribal rights, right-to-statehood and right over resources >> formation of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, JMM 1970s - leader:Shibu Soren + Nirmal Mahto + the Marxist Arun Kumar Roy (later left JMM as it had shifted more to the right by the early 1980s); core ideology - regionalism + illegal exploitation of state resources (felling of sal and teak trees in Sardana area) >> Bihar govt's response was to intimidate them via force (armed retaliation) >> More than 100 tribals killed and hundreds injured; human rights violations by the police (molestation + killing out of suspicion and revenge)

    Era of the Maoist Boost
    1980s and 1990s >> Tribal political leaders sought allies with the ones with firepower >> The Maoists come into picture - especially the MCC (Maoist Communist Centre) + a branch of PWG (People's War Group)>> ideology of armed insurgency and rejection of parliamentary politics >> the Maoist propaganda + the state failure in the provision of basic faicilities means that the movement gains 'popular support' >> various districts become sanctuaries for the Maoist operations

    Note: MCC and PWG were banned and they merged to form CPI (Maoist) >> This outfit has been included in the Schedule of Terrorist Organisations under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967

    Observations in Jharkhand:
    - Naxal activity in an area >> a direct correlation with the coal, mineral and forest resource extraction activities [eg - Lohardaga - Mining of bauxite (now exhausted), Coal - Chatra, Pakur (with the coal mines opening up in 1990s Pakur saw a steep surgence in naxal activities), and Latehar, etc] >> focus on extortion and levies
    - Curbing of the Naxal movement (early 2000s) in Chattisgarh led to a massive influx of the insurgents into Jharkhand
    - highly destructive (vis-a-vis Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, MP, etc) >> attempts to uproot railway lines, killing of security force personnels, political leaders and civilians (alleged to be 'police informers'), abductions for ransoms and for securing freedom to their jailed colleagues
    - affected no. of districts abnormally high (16-17 as per estimates)
    - Intensity higher in the districts along state borders >> Jharkhand-Odisha and Jharkhand-Chattisgarh border (to take advantage of the lack of proper co-ordination among law enforcement agencies of two states)
    -looting weaponry
    - financing of activities by 'accepting contributions' + extortions from businessmen, politicians, corrupt bureaucrats, etc
    - frequent naxal-bandis
    -passing of diktats and directing villagers to boycott polls or caste their vote in favour of a particular party leader
    - organisation of parallele system of governance (Jan Adalats, People's Police, etc) >> Denial of justice is the primary reason that resulted in the formation of the parallel judiciary (kangaroo courts), which deal with disputes related to jal, jory and jameen.
    -the naxalites have tried to create a vacuum at the grass-roots level of the existing political structures (hence killing of lower level govt officials, police-personnels of the local police stations, reps of Panchayati raj, etc) and if successful they coerce the local population to join the movement while simultaneously carrying out a strident propaganda against the puported and real inadequacies of the existing state structure >> issues taken up - 'dispacement of tribals', 'corporate exploitation', 'human rights violation', etc

    A few operations to counter the naxalites (highly ineffective)-
    • Op Eagle
    • Op X
    • Op Shikhar
    • Op Hill Top
    • Op Black Thunder
    Recent instances of Naxal Attacks that caught media attention:
    • Sunil Mahto (MP) shot dead in 2007
    • Landmine blast (bridge blown up, people died) - Garwah, 2012
    • SP Amarjit Balihar killed along with 5 other police personnels - Dumka/Pakur, 2013
    • 7 people killed by ultras of the banned PLFI (People's Liberation Front of India) - Gumla, 2014
    • SP Prabhat Kumar skimish with militants - Khunti, 2015
    • 5 policemen dead (landmine explosion) - Palamu, 2016
    @Woodpecker Woody bhai, as promised, dekho ye ek framework post kari hai B)
    Typing on a tablet is a pain in the ass :s
    Ab koi knowledgeable admi isme additions kar de to mast ho jaye, main thoda busy ho rha ab
    Adieu B)

    Bhai kis ilake se sambandh rkhte ho :o
  • Thanks @akkib89
    An Ounce of Action Is Worth a Ton of Theory
  • @chinesehero ranchi ke ho to, singh more side rehta hun
    @arunshourie1989 Bhai time to yaad nahi par JPSC ke liye kari thi prepare, usi me jharkhand ki 2-3 books aur internet se kee thi taiyyari, bus.

    440 comments (a memorable number)
    Over and out
    Ting :mrgreen:
    The associated email has been deleted. The ID is defunct.
Sign In or Join to comment.

Courses by ForumIAS for CSE
ForumIAS is trusted by over 10,000+ students for their Prelims, Mains and Interview Preparation and we currently run several assistance programs to help students from Civil Services prelims preparation to rank upgradation to IAS. You can enroll for these programs by visiting http://blog.forumias.com/courses

Welcome!

We are a secret self-moderated community for Civil Services preparation. Feel free to join, start a discussion, answer a question or just to say Thank you.

Just dont spread the word ;)

Sign in or join with Facebook or Google

Subscribe to ForumIAS Blog