Why people participatory organisations like Cooperatives,SHGs have found strong roots in South?

40% + Shgs are based in the karnatka, AP, TN alone. Why that's the case when there is clear space & demand in eastern states like Orissa,UP,Bihar.

Comments

  • @Dr_Strange
    One possible reason can be that in North India caste based discrimination and dominance of middle castes remains very strong. One of the reasons for failure of cooperative and shg movement in northern states is rigid caste hierarchies which impede collective action.
    This is not to say that caste rigidities are not there in South. But the fact is this that southern states like tamil nadu have had a strong tradition of social movements like the dravidian movement. Movements to break caste hierarchies have been more successful in the south. It is this culture of collective public action and participation which may have lead to relatively greater success of cooperative movement in the south.
    This is what I feel.
    More inputs would be appreciated. :)
  • jaljal
    edited September 2016
    I would like to attribute this trend to High literacy rates, coupled by suitable government policies. Further, South is also much less patriarchal then north. In north, Literacy levels are low, and hence many of the women are rendered unproductive as SHG involves linkages with market , banks, and suppliers. Secondly, In south , i have seen Women are not as burdened as north Indian women with household work. In north India, due to migration of men on a large scale, women mainly engage in agriculture.(feminisation of agriculture). Thus concentrating on other productive activities is low. Apart from this caste also might have played a role.
  • @jal distress migration is not only North phenomenon.
    @harry90 How can you substantiate that patriarchy/Caste rigidity is much more acute in North as compared to the South. Since mostly 'temple restriction' in news is vis a vis Southern states like Kerala & TN(women & Dalits).
  • @Dr_Strange sir der hv been many protest movements on huge scale too.also the caste consolidation against BRAMIHNS helped them to break caste rigidities among intermediate castes,hence it can be said dat in south der is more caste n subcaste consolidation.also one has to remember BHAKTI MOVEMENT wich or8ginated in south only dat was against rituals(read upper caste brahmins).also u might be aware of d fact dat in south almost all other upper castes also mingled wid mid castes and dalits against BRAMHINS.
  • jaljal
    edited October 2016

    @jal distress migration is not only North phenomenon.
    @harry90 How can you substantiate that patriarchy/Caste rigidity is much more acute in North as compared to the South. Since mostly 'temple restriction' in news is vis a vis Southern states like Kerala & TN(women & Dalits).

    the

    One more point can be different perception of role of women in society. In North India , women have less freedom to make life decisions eg honour killing . But remember if you are looking for strict contrast, it is not the case. Remember that shgs and co-operative exist North India too. Forces present in North operate in South too. Difference is only in degrees .
  • destiny_7 said:

    @Dr_Strange sir der hv been many protest movements on huge scale too.also the caste consolidation against BRAMIHNS helped them to break caste rigidities among intermediate castes,hence it can be said dat in south der is more caste n subcaste consolidation.also one has to remember BHAKTI MOVEMENT wich or8ginated in south only dat was against rituals(read upper caste brahmins).also u might be aware of d fact dat in south almost all other upper castes also mingled wid mid castes and dalits against BRAMHINS.

    Valid point.
  • 1) Literacy rates higher in southern states as compared to northern counterparts.
    2) Per capita income in some southern states, way higher than the northern ones. Also, they wealth distribution is not skewed. If we look at it from a Maslow's point of view, as people fro southern states are satisfied at "baser" levels, thus they can participate in such participatory organisations.
    3) Strong prevalence of a private sector which contributes in the form of monetary doles (C.S.R), which is absent in many states of the North.
    4) A better sex ratio ofcourse!
    An Ounce of Action Is Worth a Ton of Theory
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