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CSM-2016 ETHICS Answer Writing Practice Thread

edited August 2016 in Ethics
Hey guyz,

Let us start a special thread for gs4 ethics-the most scoring gs paper!!

Post here your question as well case studies and answers which are related to ethics paper. (Compilation work will be again done by @etat dada!)

P.S. - Bakar et al strictly prohibited!! Serious thread :-)
Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
·
«13456721

Comments

  • edited September 2015
    I'll copy the question into the mission mains question bank. I'm putting a link to this thread into the mission mains thread too.

    Questions can be downloaded from the 1st page links on the mission mains thread.

    http://discuss.forumias.com/discussion/11552/mission-mains-2015-gs-answer-writing-practice-thread/p1
    Prelims : 2/5; Mains : 0/2; Interview : 0; Remainder : 1+1 (Tired but not; Retired) / Medical Science / Kolkata / Nihilist extraordinaire | Thanks a lot...
    ·
  • Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words

    Q. 2 Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words

    @Sleeplessnights_89 @MD47 @ghanta_jet @rattlesnake @resilience.. @TonyStark @all
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • edited September 2015
    Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words


    □ Corruption is the misuse of entrusted power for individual gain. It includes both public and private gain. Corruption is not only a economical phenomena but includes both moral and ethical dimensions.
    □ Since immorality in society cannot be removed completely so do corruption. However efforts can be taken to minimise it in such a way that doesn't affect the weaker sections of the society as well as common man.
    □ Corruption is present in developed countries as well. However in case of India, the magnitude of corruption is quite high and impacts even the marginalised sections of society.
    □ Corruption grows naturally as societies and cities grow and become more complex. Its like a disease spread by virus. We cannot simply eradicate it through preventive measures.
    □ Govt. has taken various steps to tackle the issue of corruption
    □ Although we depend a lot on govt. to eradicate corruption, efforts should also be there from our side. Unless each one of us takes steps for it ,govt. alone cannot eradicate if not minimise corruption.

    Our survival instinct is our single greatest source of inspiration. - Dr. Mann
    ·
  • edited September 2015
    . Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words


    Public and Private spheres of life should be separated :
    • So that private life doesn't affect his public life and vice versa.
    • Involvement of private life in public works may invite unethical practises such as favouritism and corruption.
    • It may create dilemmas in executing unbiased decisions and maintaining integrity and impartiality.


    Why it shouldn't be separated:
    • Personal life often affects the work of the individual and affects her role in public spheres of life.
    • If a person is holding a higher post in public, certain things which is personal to her private life may become a matter for reasonable public interest.
    • Role of women need to be on par with men in public spheres of life and shouldn't be restricted to private sphere's of life



    While it is not possible to rigidly separate private and public spheres of life, one need to put a certain limit on both sides to get the maximum benefit without disturbing either sides of the public and private spheres of life.


    plz review
    Our survival instinct is our single greatest source of inspiration. - Dr. Mann
    ·
  • Q.What do u think is d basic purpose of human life? What do u think is ur pupose in life? How have to u prepared urself to fulfill that purpose? 150 words
    ·
  • Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words


    □ Corruption is the misuse of entrusted power for individual gain. It includes both public and private gain. Corruption is not only a economical phenomena but includes both moral and ethical dimensions.
    □ Since immorality in society cannot be removed completely so do corruption. However efforts can be taken to minimise it in such a way that doesn't affect the weaker sections of the society as well as common man.
    □ Corruption is present in developed countries as well. However in case of India, the magnitude of corruption is quite high and impacts even the marginalised sections of society.
    □ Corruption grows naturally as societies and cities grow and become more complex. Its like a disease spread by virus. We cannot simply eradicate it through preventive measures.
    □ Govt. has taken various steps to tackle the issue of corruption
    □ Although we depend a lot on govt. to eradicate corruption, efforts should also be there from our side. Unless each one of us takes steps for it ,govt. alone cannot eradicate if not minimise corruption.

    Add ons-


    1)Corruption is a social evil which has to be rooted out,it not only has economic dimensions to it but the issue points towards the moral and ethical crisis prevailing in a society.The goal of having a corruption free society is considered by many as a mere utopian thinking,while one can agree that Wiping out corruption from society is an uphill task but its never an impossibility.


    2)Second ARC's views on corruption and ethics

    3)Unholy nexus of politician-bureaucrat-Corporate

    4)Coercive and collusive corruption and their causes

    5)Persistence of corruption is due to its legitimization in our society

    6)Comprehensive steps to be taken like

    -Legislative loopholes to be plugged

    - Role of socialization agencies(Family,education,media etc in changing value system)

    - working towards greater Transparency and accountability

    -improving work culture

    -ethics in governance

    Can't remember more,will add up later if I recollect anything
    @Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh



    "You can't stop the waves, but you can learn to surf"
    ·
  • Before assessment i should clarify (although you know but still) that i am not an expert.. I will say what i learnt in this subject.

    * These two questions are highly subjective like most of ethics questions.. So NOTHING IS WRONG

    *But what matters is our aim here -How to fetch highest marks in this paper (sorry for who think otherwise currently i am focused to just this one aim Onlyyy...!!)

    * What i have seen is that In ethics question those people who show some basic qualities and skills which are required in future bureaucrates gets better marks.

    * now what are these BASIC QUALITIES -they are like Optimistic outlook (always even in most depressing situations!!), focus on collective and team work with eveready for taking leadership, women empowerment orientation, and a suitable level of pragmatism etc etc

    * you can write whatever side you want but that will fetch you just average marks.. What is desirable (i believe) is to summarise the whole debate in your answer with a GOOD ENGLISH and then giving a optimistic and if required "Teleological option" choice generally.

    * Ethics syllabus should be on your tips. While answering Outpour any direct term mentioned in the syllabus if you think it can be linked in your answer somehow- IT WILL FETCH YOU MORE MARKS

    Keeping this in mind Lets come to questions now :-)
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words


    □ Corruption is the misuse of entrusted power for individual gain. It includes both public and private gain. Corruption is not only a economical phenomena but includes both moral and ethical dimensions.
    □ Since immorality in society cannot be removed completely so do corruption. However efforts can be taken to minimise it in such a way that doesn't affect the weaker sections of the society as well as common man.
    □ Corruption is present in developed countries as well. However in case of India, the magnitude of corruption is quite high and impacts even the marginalised sections of society.
    □ Corruption grows naturally as societies and cities grow and become more complex. Its like a disease spread by virus. We cannot simply eradicate it through preventive measures.
    □ Govt. has taken various steps to tackle the issue of corruption
    □ Although we depend a lot on govt. to eradicate corruption, efforts should also be there from our side. Unless each one of us takes steps for it ,govt. alone cannot eradicate if not minimise corruption.



    Add ons-


    1)Corruption is a social evil which has to be rooted out,it not only has economic dimensions to it but the issue points towards the moral and ethical crisis prevailing in a society.The goal of having a corruption free society is considered by many as a mere utopian thinking,while one can agree that Wiping out corruption from society is an uphill task but its never an impossibility.


    2)Second ARC's views on corruption and ethics

    3)Unholy nexus of politician-bureaucrat-Corporate

    4)Coercive and collusive corruption and their causes

    5)Persistence of corruption is due to its legitimization in our society

    6)Comprehensive steps to be taken like

    -Legislative loopholes to be plugged

    - Role of socialization agencies(Family,education,media etc in changing value system)

    - working towards greater Transparency and accountability

    -improving work culture

    -ethics in governance

    Can't remember more,will add up later if I recollect anything
    @Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh



    Both of above views are right..but what i believe is that second one is better marks fetching..why?

    * emphasis on Optimism (i know debatable but yes it is true.. Believe it or not..no arguement)

    # we know corruption can not be eliminated but ETHICS IS NOT ABOUT WHAT THE WORLD IS ; IT IS ABOUT WHAT THE WORLD OUGHT TO BE.

    * MENTIONING of arc etc make your answer more relevant and pragmatic than philosophical

    * suggestive approach in last is what makes the real difference.. Always give suggestions (no matter whats the keyword in question-my learning from seniors and successfulls)

    Thus my framework would be exactly like that of @MD47.. In my view MD you nailed it..
    =D> :)>-.

    @TonyStark you too well written.. Just ponder over above points otherwise believe in yourself.. Results will decide who are right..you may be more ethical than me who knows :-) keep writing
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • edited September 2015
    Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words

    Answer:

    1. Corruption is an age old phenomenon where an individual or group breaches/breach certain laws, ethics and morals for personal gains.
    2. Corruption by breach of laws can be totally curbed down by proper policies, institutions, education and awareness. The speed and efficiency of corruption eradication can be increased by incorporating Psychological tools from theories of motivation, emotions and learning.
    3. Eradication of Corruption involving the breach of ethics and morals is more difficult and the issue is highly subjective. It depends on how each individual may define corruption according to his set of ethics and morals(which may be slightly different from commonly accepted values).
    For example, 1. A person who follows non violence and eats a vegetarian diet may feel that the person who eats non vegetarian diet is breaching the values of non - violence. On the other hand, the non - vegetarian may feel he is right in his acts because according to him eating meat for survival is not violence.


    Conclusion: The term true sense is highly subjective and cannot be quantified in measurable units. Therefore a corruption - free society cannot be created in a true sense but there is a very high possibility of completely eradicating corruption related to breach of laws from a society.However, Corruption related to commonly accepted ethics and morals can be effectively eradicated by a great extent using psychological tools like social learning, operant conditioning and theories of motivation.

    Social learning is process of learning by observing the interaction of others in the society. It involves four steps in sequence; Observation, Memorizing the event, Reproduction of event and motivation to do so.
    Operant conditioning is learning based on the consequences that follow after stimuli. Positive and Negative reinforcements and punishments are the methods used in it.
    Theories of motivation includes drive theory(fulfillment of basic needs), goal setting theory etc.


    (note: should have stayed around 150 words but sometimes the subject demands a little more explanation)

    Q. 2 Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words

    Urie Bronfenbrenner, A renowned psychologist studied and published extensively regarding ecological perspective in developmental outcomes. He classified the environment around an individual into various systems which affect his development as in the diagram below,

    image

    The Private life factors like family, religion, political thoughts, beliefs and values exist on all levels of interaction. Similarly public life factors like school, job, workplace etc exist on all levels. Interaction between private life factors and public life factors strengthens relations and emotional connect.
    It is very important for both public and private life factors to interact with each other for optimal development outcomes of an individual according to Bronfenbenner.

    Example, If an IAS officer participates in a religious celebration when invited by a certain group. The participation is obviously in his private capacity, but recognition for being invited is linked with his public life. These kind of interactions would help the officer to know about people on a ground level and build relations with them that would encourage stronger co-operation by such people while discharging his official duties.

    However, during the times of conflicts and issues of propreity. It would be better to maintain clear distinction between public and private sphere of life until such issues are resolved and things are back to normal.

    Example, When an IAS officer is working with an institution where there may be issues of conflict of interest because of presence of his kin and kith in certain positions in that very same institution. The officer is exipected to separate his public and private life while performing his official duties to avoid any allegation of conflict or propreity at a later stage.

    Conclusion: There will be situations when public and private life interactions are necessary, similarly there will be situations where one should maintain clear distinction between private and public life.Ultimately It would be an individual's decision to decide what is correct by analysing laws, morals and ethics.

    Although well written but then they look more like an optional philosophy answer sir g..use simplest possible language.. Make it more layman ethics..In first anwer your last para of social learning in completely ZERO VALUE PARAGRAPH FOR EXAMINER..your answer was still standable without it because otherwise word limit badly crossed..hope you understand..but appealing conclusions.. Good..Keep writing :-)

    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • edited September 2015
    . Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words


    Public and Private spheres of life should be separated :
    • So that private life doesn't affect his public life and vice versa.
    • Involvement of private life in public works may invite unethical practises such as favouritism and corruption.
    • It may create dilemmas in executing unbiased decisions and maintaining integrity and impartiality.


    Why it shouldn't be separated:
    • Personal life often affects the work of the individual and affects her role in public spheres of life.
    • If a person is holding a higher post in public, certain things which is personal to her private life may become a matter for reasonable public interest.

    • Role of women need to be on par with men in public spheres of life and shouldn't be restricted to private sphere's of life



    While it is not possible to rigidly separate private and public spheres of life, one need to put a certain limit on both sides to get the maximum benefit without disturbing either sides of the public and private spheres of life.


    plz review
    You nailed it.. Just add some example as babur done to make it more complete if word limit permits

    :)>-
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • Q. You are a doctor and there are two fatally injured patient. One is an 80 yrs old person and the other is an 8 yrs old Child. The situation is such that only one patient can be operated upon and saved. Who would you save, give moral reason in support of your argument?? 250 words
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words


    □ Corruption is the misuse of entrusted power for individual gain. It includes both public and private gain. Corruption is not only a economical phenomena but includes both moral and ethical dimensions.
    □ Since immorality in society cannot be removed completely so do corruption. However efforts can be taken to minimise it in such a way that doesn't affect the weaker sections of the society as well as common man.
    □ Corruption is present in developed countries as well. However in case of India, the magnitude of corruption is quite high and impacts even the marginalised sections of society.
    □ Corruption grows naturally as societies and cities grow and become more complex. Its like a disease spread by virus. We cannot simply eradicate it through preventive measures.
    □ Govt. has taken various steps to tackle the issue of corruption
    □ Although we depend a lot on govt. to eradicate corruption, efforts should also be there from our side. Unless each one of us takes steps for it ,govt. alone cannot eradicate if not minimise corruption.



    Add ons-


    1)Corruption is a social evil which has to be rooted out,it not only has economic dimensions to it but the issue points towards the moral and ethical crisis prevailing in a society.The goal of having a corruption free society is considered by many as a mere utopian thinking,while one can agree that Wiping out corruption from society is an uphill task but its never an impossibility.


    2)Second ARC's views on corruption and ethics

    3)Unholy nexus of politician-bureaucrat-Corporate

    4)Coercive and collusive corruption and their causes

    5)Persistence of corruption is due to its legitimization in our society

    6)Comprehensive steps to be taken like

    -Legislative loopholes to be plugged

    - Role of socialization agencies(Family,education,media etc in changing value system)

    - working towards greater Transparency and accountability

    -improving work culture

    -ethics in governance

    Can't remember more,will add up later if I recollect anything
    @Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh





    Both of above views are right..but what i believe is that second one is better marks fetching..why?

    * emphasis on Optimism (i know debatable but yes it is true.. Believe it or not..no arguement)

    # we know corruption can not be eliminated but ETHICS IS NOT ABOUT WHAT THE WORLD IS ; IT IS ABOUT WHAT THE WORLD OUGHT TO BE.

    * MENTIONING of arc etc make your answer more relevant and pragmatic than philosophical

    * suggestive approach in last is what makes the real difference.. Always give suggestions (no matter whats the keyword in question-my learning from seniors and successfulls)

    Thus my framework would be exactly like that of @MD47..
    In my view MD you nailed it..
    =D> :)>-.

    @TonyStark you too well written.. Just ponder over above points otherwise believe in yourself.. Results will decide who are right..you may be more ethical than me who knows :-) keep writing
    thanks for feedback...i am obviously less ethical than most of you..got 60s in gs4...have to improve a lot...and for that multiple impartial feedback would be needed...
    Our survival instinct is our single greatest source of inspiration. - Dr. Mann
    ·
  • @Babur_Shehenshah_e_mughal you tried nice.. But still i think your first para raises doubt on question itself.. Believe me its a good and complete question.. Anything more is not so much needed.. Okk i will answer verbatim what i wrote in first time.. Just wait for tommorrow till that let others try.. Its about making choices with justifying.. No right no wrong... Your conclusion is good and shows Bentham perspective.. Just erase first para in formal answer.. :-) attending one doesnot mean that doctor is "killing" other.. Just moral reasoning matters not your stand!! Keep writinggg..( And in ethics question DON'T GET EMOTIONAL like first para!!..)
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • It is a professional dilemma as doctors are bound by Hippocratic oath to save patients but limited resources are a constraint in the case. Here objective assessment of medical condition of both to b done and the person who has better chances of survival b saved first. This will not only save one precious life which is sacrosanct but also boost the morale of entire team thereby increasing greatly chances of survival of second patient also. In the meantime it us doctors duty to deploy one staff to basic care of severely ill patient also as in such situations it is about achieving maximum out of minimum. This Approach of triage is also well recognised principles in disaster response.
    ·
  • Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words

    Q. 2 Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words

    @Sleeplessnights_89 @MD47 @ghanta_jet @rattlesnake @resilience.. @TonyStark @all
    Corruption is the practice of using unfair/unethical/immoral means to meet one's own needs.
    It pervades almost every aspect of our society-from politics and bureaucracy to things as trivial like a shopkeeper cheating his customers.

    It thrives because of human greed and absence or erosion of values.
    A society completely free from corruption is an unrealistic goal in today's age where materialism and consumerism rules.But it can be reduced.

    Public participation in planning and development initiatives can save money from being embezzled by corrupt officials.eg Introduction of social auditing in MGNREGS,introduction of citizen charters.
    Growth and activism of investigative media has helped unearth/prevent many cases of corruption.eg Tehelka expose,Radia tapes

    Deterrence from corruption can be brought about by exemplary punishment for the guilty and at the same time rewarding honesty and probity in public life.

    Our best chances at achieving a corruption fee society can be through the upcoming generation.
    Inculcating values when people are young will have an effect on them when they grow to become the bureaucrats,technocrats and businessmen of our society

    In conclusion,achieving a corruption free society is not impossible.Citizens role and awareness in this regard will be of utmost importance


    Please review
    ·
  • Q. 2 Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words

    Public and private spheres of life should have a clear distinction because:
    -
    >Every person has a right to privacy.Mixing up one's public and private life amounts to encroachment of that right.

    ->If one's public and private life are allowed to be mixed up,it can affect one's performance at work and may make us prone to errors at work.eg. Keeping office issues away from private life

    ->Endangers security of person concerned and his family.This is especially true if one is in police/defence/civil services/intelligence.

    ->Can pose a threat to national security.

    ->Negatively affects police,judiciary and investigation agencies in pursuing a case involving a prominent public figure eg.Media trials of suspects which have become a common feature these days is a good example of not respecting the line of distinction between public life and private life.It leads to insinuation,trauma and anxiety for person and his/her family involved besides affecting judicial and investigation agencies in their

    Plz review
    ·
  • edited September 2015
    Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words

    Q. 2 Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words

    @Sleeplessnights_89 @MD47 @ghanta_jet @rattlesnake @resilience.. @TonyStark @all
    @Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh Bhai, currently I am doing geography optional and economy, from next week onwards will try to contribute on this thread.

    Great initiative!!
    " The more you sweat in peace , the less you bleed in war."
    ·
  • Q. 1 Do you think a corruption-free society can be created in true sense of term? Discuss. 150 words

    Q. 2 Should there be a clear distinction between the Public and private sphere of life? Explain your view? 150 words

    @Sleeplessnights_89 @MD47 @ghanta_jet @rattlesnake @resilience.. @TonyStark @all


    @Yo_Yo_Choti_Singh Bhai, currently I am doing geography optional and economy, from next week onwards will try to contribute on this thread.

    Great initiative!!
    me too...optional is sucking my blood... #-o will definitely join in some days 8-|
    Cmon...i aint gonna bite you
    ·
  • Q. You are a doctor and there are two fatally injured patient. One is an 80 yrs old person and the other is an 8 yrs old Child. The situation is such that only one patient can be operated upon and saved. Who would you save, give moral reason in support of your argument?? 250 words

    Ans.

    A doctor is a person who is called SHADOW OF GOD on earth because if God gives life, doctor saves life.

    *In the givem type of critical type of situation i being a doctor without any PREJUDICE OR BIAS prima facie will attend both of them equally.

    * Because for a doctor according to medical ethics and hippocratic oath taken by them - A LIFE IS A LIFE be it is of an 8 yrs old CHILD or 80 yrs old SCIENTIST or even a 28 yrs old CRIMINAL.

    * hence being a doctor at first instance my prime and ONLY duty would be to save the life of both. BUT AS GIVEN only one patieny cpuld be operated upon and saved so i will first EXAMINE both the patient and assess the criticality of conditions as well as prospects of life in both.

    * after that assessment depending on the analysis i will take the one, no matter whom, who deserves most immidiate treatment.

    *But alongwith that i vil amke sure simultaneously to get the other patient to be transferred asap to some other nearby hospital of the area after giving him Necessary FIRST AID SERVICES AND LIFE SUPPORTING DRUGS /INSTRUMENTS accompanied by one of my Experienced staff member carrying assessment reports of the patient along with him.. I will also communicate to the other hospital doctor explaining him briefly about conditions of upcoming patient so that necessary arrangements can be made before arrival there ensuring most immidiate treatment to second patient too.

    * Then I will move to attend my own preferenced patient for his treatment till my best along with praying to God for saving them BOTH. :-)

    @Babur_Shehenshah_e_mughal. And others this is what i wrote first time.. Please assess :-)
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • Q.1 " Same sex marriage is unnatural and therefore illegal and immoral!" Do you agree, give reasons in support of your argument? 150 words

    Q.2 What do you mean by JUSTICE? As a DC of a district how will you ensure that maximum justice be done with all public coming to you given the ground level realities like political pressure and prevailing corruption in the system? Suggest few innovative measures which can be taken to ensure Justice for all by a civil servant/DC in such tough situations? 250 words

    :-)
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • edited September 2015
    a question:- homosexuality and same sex relationships are highly controversial...should we take a stand and give arguments for it or give both stands and a diplomatic answer.......generally examiner likes liberal attitude or conservative attitude on such type of questions??...

    a similar situation is the jain festival santhara... #-o
    Our survival instinct is our single greatest source of inspiration. - Dr. Mann
    ·
  • Sabse pehle thanx for making this thread....its very useful for one/me without coaching and guidance.....thnx.

    Suggestion-
    1.i think we should first answer previous year paper question...

    And pls help me out in these question..

    Q-human beings should always be treated as ends in themselves and never as merely means.explain the meaning and significance of this statement giving its implication in the modern techno-economic society.

    ·
  • Q- integrity without knowledge is weak and useless but knowledge without integrity is dangeroues and dreadful.what do u understnd by this statement ? Explain your stand with illustrtion from modern context..
    ·
  • edited September 2015
    Q.1 " Same sex marriage is unnatural and therefore illegal and immoral!" Do you agree, give reasons in support of your argument? 150 words

    1.Marriage is a socially or/and lawfully accepted legal contract between spouses. Considering the timescale of humans on earth, it is a very recent phenomenon. Marriages came into existence to create a sense of security and prevent abuse of relationships. Over time, marriages became a convention that is followed till today.
    2. Homo sexuality is a very naturally occurring phenomenon. Many Flowers, Animals, Birds etc exhibit them. Homo sexual relations like any other relations may include various aspects like emotions, bonds, affections and love making.
    3. Since a homo sexual relation is natural and has been existing from times before even marriage came into picture, the statement of homo sexual marriage being unnatural is devoid of logic.
    4. Human Homo sexuality does not contribute to reproduction of its off-springs. But every human has different expectations from its life, not every human wants to contribute to reproduction and we have to respect any such individual decision(which does not harm the society) as it further increases the confidence in human rights.
    5. Immorality of same sex marriage is a highly subjective issue. It depends on individuals and the cultures they have developed in. There can be no consensus on this as the cultural diversity of humans is beyond quantification.
    6. Illegality of same sex marriage depends on the law of the land. Indian law holds it as illegal, while recently USA made such an act as legal. The legal/illegal point of view is a dynamic process, it keeps changing with time and circumstances.
    7. Research in psychology states that homo sexual relations are both genetically predisposed and also occur as an outcome of circumstances/environment around such individuals. In cases of homo sexuality due to circumstances, the future tendencies of abuse in a relationship are indicative of the fact that same sex marriages have to be legalized to give lawful protection to the victim in the instance of an abuse.

    Conclusion:
    1. Same sex relationships are natural. Therefore same sex marriages can be natural.
    2. The legality or morality of same sex marriage is a highly subjective and dynamic process. Therefore forming an opinion on such things would not be correct.
    3. The only reason marriages came into existence is to provide security to the spouses. In the same way, legalizing same sex marriages can give same security and contribute to a peaceful society.


    Bang on
    =D>
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
    ·
  • Q.2 What do you mean by JUSTICE? As a DC of a district how will you ensure that maximum justice be done with all public coming to you given the ground level realities like political pressure and prevailing corruption in the system? Suggest few innovative measures which can be taken to ensure Justice for all by a civil servant/DC in such tough situations? 250 words

    1.Justice is a process of delivering legal guarantees that have been constituted, without the influence of emotions, morals and ethics.
    2. The interpretation and execution of justice is solely dependent on the doctrine of rule of law. Justice derives its logicality from laws, acts and constitutions etc.

    The following steps can ensure justice by a DC of a district up to a great extent,
    1. Act according to the laws, acts, rights and constitutions.
    2. In cases where there is large opinion that a certain law is morally and ethically not justifiable. Halt the process of justice and refer such a law to debate/legislation and then arrive at justice once there is a proper consensus on such a legislation.
    3. Rule of equality should be maintained should be the first step in the process of justice.
    4. Political pressure should be managed using emotional intelligence, motivation(usefulness of justice to society), education(by providing full information about the case) and good behavior.
    5. Corruption has to curbed down by proper draft of policies, implementation of institutions and enforcement at a macro level. and by education, awareness and motivation at ground level.

    Innovative measures,
    1. By instilling a sense of confidence and feeling of trust for the DC in the society.
    Transparency in day to day functions, efficient resolutions, speedy trials, strict enforcement etc can be effectively used so that people start to believe in his actions and positively justify them.
    2. Educate the society about their laws and rights.
    3. Encourage reporting of cases by showing data/examples of proper justice in the past.
    4. Participate and engage in various social and cultural activities to create a sense of oneness among people and also a feeling of easy approach to a DC.
    5. Periodically assess and encourage the staff who are doing the things in the right way. Emotional rewards tend to motivate the person to do more.

    In my view..your justice definition is very narrow..its just Legal / procedural justice..what about societal /distibutive etc justice.. Read justice from wiki etc for better understanding.. Can refer to michael sandel lecture videos for better understanding..both questions of today from them..

    But rest part you nailed it :-) keep writing..
    Being IAS... 4 U Onlyyy... :-)
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